ISBN: 9780262357067 | 248 pp. | April 2020

AI Ethics

Overview

Artificial intelligence powers Google's search engine, enables Facebook to target advertising, and allows Alexa and Siri to do their jobs. AI is also behind self-driving cars, predictive policing, and autonomous weapons that can kill without human intervention. These and other AI applications raise complex ethical issues that are the subject of ongoing debate. This volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series offers an accessible synthesis of these issues. Written by a philosopher of technology, AI Ethics goes beyond the usual hype and nightmare scenarios to address concrete questions.

Mark Coeckelbergh describes influential AI narratives, ranging from Frankenstein's monster to transhumanism and the technological singularity. He surveys relevant philosophical discussions: questions about the fundamental differences between humans and machines and debates over the moral status of AI. He explains the technology of AI, describing different approaches and focusing on machine learning and data science. He offers an overview of important ethical issues, including privacy concerns, responsibility and the delegation of decision making, transparency, and bias as it arises at all stages of data science processes. He also considers the future of work in an AI economy. Finally, he analyzes a range of policy proposals and discusses challenges for policymakers. He argues for ethical practices that embed values in design, translate democratic values into practices and include a vision of the good life and the good society.

Table of Contents

  1. Series Foreword
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. 1. Mirror, Mirror, on the Wall
  4. 2. Superintelligence, Monsters, and the AI Apocalypse
  5. 3. All about the Human
  6. 4. Just Machines?
  7. 5. The Technology
  8. 6. Don't Forget the Data (Science)
  9. 7. Privacy and the Other Usual Suspects
  10. 8. A-responsible Machines and Unexplainable Decisions
  11. 9. Bias and the Meaning of Life
  12. 10. Policy Proposals
  13. 11. Challenges for Policymakers
  14. 12. It's the Climate, Stupid! On Priorities, the Anthropocene, and Elon Musk's Car in Space
  15. Glossary
  16. Notes
  17. References
  18. Further Reading
  19. Index