The Analogical Mind

Perspectives from Cognitive Science

Analogy has been the focus of extensive research in cognitive science over the past two decades. Through analogy, novel situations and problems can be understood in terms of familiar ones. Indeed, a case can be made for analogical processing as the very core of cognition. This is the first book to span the full range of disciplines concerned with analogy. Its contributors represent cognitive, developmental, and comparative psychology; neuroscience; artificial intelligence; linguistics; and philosophy.

The book is divided into three parts. The first part describes computational models of analogy as well as their relation to computational models of other cognitive processes. The second part addresses the role of analogy in a wide range of cognitive tasks, such as forming complex cognitive structures, conveying emotion, making decisions, and solving problems. The third part looks at the development of analogy in children and the possible use of analogy in nonhuman primates.

Contributors: Miriam Bassok, Consuelo B. Boronat, Brian Bowdle, Fintan Costello, Kevin Dunbar, Gilles Fauconnier, Kenneth D. Forbus, Dedre Gentner, Usha Goswami, Brett Gray, Graeme S. Halford, Douglas Hofstadter, Keith J. Holyoak, John E. Hummel, Mark T. Keane, Boicho N. Kokinov, Arthur B. Markman, C. Page Moreau, David L. Oden, Alexander A. Petrov, Steven Phillips, David Premack, Cameron Shelley, Paul Thagard, Roger K.R. Thompson, William H. Wilson, Phillip Wolff.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
  2. Contributors
  3. 1. Introduction: The Place of Analogy in Cognition

    Keith J. Holyoak, Dedre Gentner and Boicho N. Kokinov

  4. I. Computational and Theoretical Approaches
  5. 2. Exploring Analogy in the Large

    Kenneth D. Forbus

  6. 3. Integrating Memory and Reasoning in Analogy-Making: The AMBR Model

    Boicho N. Kokinov and Alexander Petrov

  7. 4. The STAR-2 Model for Mapping Hierarchically Structured Analogs

    William H. Wilson, Graeme S. Halford, Brett Gray and Steven Phillips

  8. 5. Toward an Understanding of Analogy within a Biological Symbol System

    Keith J. Holyoak and John E. Hummel

  9. II. Arena of Analogical Thought
  10. 6. Metaphor Is Like Analogy

    Dedre Gentner, Brian Bowdle, Phillip Wolff and Consuelo Boronat

  11. 7. Conceptual Blending and Analogy

    Gilles Fauconnier

  12. 8. Setting Limits on Analogy: Why Conceptual Combination Is Not Structural Alignment

    Mark T. Keane and Fintan Costello

  13. 9. The Analogical Paradox: Why Analogy Is So Easy in Naturalistic Setting Yet So Difficult in the Psychological Laboratory

    Kevin Dunbar

  14. 10. Emotional Analogies and Analogical Inference

    Paul Thagard and Cameron Shelley

  15. 11. Analogy and Analogical Comparison in Choice

    Arthur B. Markman and C. Page Moreau

  16. 12. Semantic Alignments in Mathematical Word Problems

    Miriam Bassok

  17. III. Developmental and Comparative Approaches
  18. 13. Analogical Reasoning in Children

    Usha Goswami

  19. 14. Can an Ape Reason Analogically? Comprehension and Production of Analogical Problems by Sarah, a Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)

    David L. Oden, Roger K. R. Thompson and Daved Premack

  20. 15. Epilogue: Analogy as the Core of Cognition

    Douglas R. Hofstadter

  21. Index