The Architecture of Cognition

Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn’s Systematicity Challenge
Edited by Paco Calvo and John Symons

In 1988, Jerry Fodor and Zenon Pylyshyn challenged connectionist theorists to explain the systematicity of cognition. In a highly influential critical analysis of connectionism, they argued that connectionist explanations, at best, can only inform us about details of the neural substrate; explanations at the cognitive level must be classical insofar as adult human cognition is essentially systematic. More than twenty-five years later, however, conflicting explanations of cognition do not divide along classicist-connectionist lines, but oppose cognitivism (both classicist and connectionist) with a range of other methodologies, including distributed and embodied cognition, ecological psychology, enactivism, adaptive behavior, and biologically based neural network theory. This volume reassesses Fodor and Pylyshyn's “systematicity challenge” for a post-connectionist era.

The contributors consider such questions as how post-connectionist approaches meet Fodor and Pylyshyn's conceptual challenges; whether there is empirical evidence for or against the systematicity of thought; and how the systematicity of human thought relates to behavior. The chapters offer a representative sample and an overview of the most important recent developments in the systematicity debate.

Ken Aizawa, William Bechtel, Gideon Borensztajn, Paco Calvo, Anthony Chemero, Jonathan D. Cohen, Alicia Coram, Jeffrey L. Elman, Stefan L. Frank, Antoni Gomila, Seth A. Herd, Trent Kriete, Christian J. Lebiere, Lorena Lobo, Edouard Machery, Gary Marcus, Emma Martín, Fernando Martínez-Manrique, Brian P. McLaughlin, Randall C. O'Reilly, Alex A. Petrov, Steven Phillips, William Ramsey, Michael Silberstein, John Symons, David Travieso, William H. Wilson, Willem Zuidema

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
  2. I.
  3. 1. Systematicity: An Overview

    John Symons and Paco Calvo

  4. 2. Can an ICS Architecture Meet the Systematicity and Productivity Challenges?

    Brian P. McLaughlin

  5. 3. Tough Times to Be Talking Systematicity

    Ken Aizawa

  6. II.
  7. 4. PDP and Symbol Manipulation: What's Been Learned Since 1986?

    Gary Marcus

  8. 5. Systematicity in the Lexicon: On Having Your Cake and Eating It Too

    Jeffrey L. Elman

  9. 6. Getting Real about Systematicity

    Stefan L. Frank

  10. 7. Systematicity and the Need for Encapsulated Representations

    Gideon Borensztajn, Willem Zuidema, and William Bechtel

  11. 8. How Limited Systematicity Emerges: A Computational Cognitive Neuroscience Approach

    Randall C. O'Reilly, Alex A. Petrov, Jonathan D. Cohen, Christian J. Lebiere, Seth A. Herd, and Trent Kriete

  12. 9. A Category Theory Explanation for Systematicity: Universal Constructions

    Steven Phillips and William H. Wilson

  13. III.
  14. 10. Systematicity and Architectural Pluralism

    William Ramsey

  15. 11. Systematicity Laws and Explanatory Structures in the Extended Mind

    Alicia Coram

  16. 12. Systematicity and Conceptual Pluralism

    Fernando Martínez-Manrique

  17. 13. Neo-Empiricism and the Structure of Thoughts

    Edouard Machery

  18. IV.
  19. 14. Systematicity and Interaction Dominance

    Anthony Chemero

  20. 15. From Systematicity to Interactive Regularities: Grounding Cognition at the Sensorimotor Level

    David Travieso, Antoni Gomila, and Lorena Lobo

  21. 16. The Emergence of Systematicity in Minimally Cognitive Agents

    Paco Calvo, Emma Martín, and John Symons

  22. 17. Order and Disorders in the Form of Thought: The Dynamics of Systematicity

    Michael Silberstein

  23. Contributors
  24. Index