Attention and Performance XVII

Cognitive Regulation of Performance: Interaction of Theory and Application

In 1966 the first meeting of the Association for the Study of Attention and Performance was held in the Netherlands to promote the emerging science of cognitive psychology. This volume is based on the most recent conference, held in Israel thirty years later. The focus of the conference was the interaction between theory and application. The organizers chose the specific topic, cognitive regulation of performance, because it is an area where contemporary theories of cognitive processes meet the everyday challenges posed by human interactions with complex systems. Present-day technological systems impose on the operator a variety of supervisory functions, such as input and output monitoring, allocation of cognitive resources, choice of strategies, and regulation of cognitive operations. A challenge for engineers and designers is to accommodate the cognitive requirements called for by these systems.

The book is divided into four sections: the presentation and representation of information, cognitive regulation of acquisition and performance, consciousness and behavior, and special populations: aging and neurological disorders.

Contributors: Nicole D. Anderson, Moshe Bar, Lynn Bardell, Alice E. Barnes, Irving Biederman, Robert A. Bjork, Richard A. Block, Fergus I. M. Craik, Heiner Deubel, John Dunlosky, Ido Erev, Ronald Fisher, John M. Flach, Barry Goettl, Morris Goldsmith, Daniel Gopher, Lynn Hasher, Okihide Hikosaka, Larry L. Jacoby, Peter Kalocsai, Colleen Kelley, David E. Kieras, Roberta Klatzky, Asher Koriat, Arthur F. Kramer, Elisabetta Ladavas, John L. Larish, Susan J. Lederman, John Long, Cynthia P. May, Guiliana Mazzoni, Brian McElree, David Meyer, Satoru Miyauchi, Neville Moray, Louis Narens, Thomas O. Nelson, Raymond S. Nickerson, Lynne Reder, J. Wesley Regian, Ian Robertson, Wolfgang Schneider, Christian D. Schunn, Wayne Shebilske, Shinsuke Shimojo, Suresh Subramaniam, Tom N. Trainham, Jehoshua Tsal, Timothy A. Weber, Christopher Wickens, Rose T. Zacks, Dan Zakay.

Table of Contents

  1. Acknowledgments
  2. Participants
  3. Group Photo
  4. I. Introduction
  5. 1. Bridging the Gap between Basic and Applied Research on the Cognitive Regulation of Performance
  6. II. Association Lecture
  7. 2. Precis to a Practical Unified Theory of Cognition and Action: Some Lessons from EPIC Computational Models of Human Multiple-Task Performance
  8. III. Presentation and Representation of Information
  9. 3. Viewpoint-Invariant Information in Subordinate-Level Object Classification
  10. 4. Frames of Reference for Navigation
  11. 5. Automatic and Controlled Attention Detected by the Line Motion Effect
  12. 6. The Haptic Glance: A Route to Rapid Object Identification and Manipulation
  13. 7. Ready, Fire, Aim: A "Meaning-Processing" Approach to Display Design
  14. 8. Mental Models in Theory and Practice
  15. 9. Specifying Relations between Research and the Practice of Solving Applied Problems: An Illustration from the Planning and Control of Multiple-Task Work in Medical Reception
  16. IV. Cognitive Regulation of Acquisition and Performance
  17. 10. An Integrative System of Metamemory Components Involved in Retrieval
  18. 11. Bringing Together the Psychometric and Strategy Worlds: Predicting Adaptivity in a Dynamic Task
  19. 12. A Cognitive Game-Theoretic Analysis of Attention Strategies, Ability, and Incentives
  20. 13. The Strategic Regulations of Memory Reporting: Mechanisms and Performance Consequences
  21. 14. Executive Control of Automatic Processes as Complex Skills Develop in Laboratory and Applied Settings
  22. V. Consciousness and Behavior
  23. 15. Assessing Our Own Competence: Heuristics and Illusions
  24. 16. Automatic Influences as Accessibility Bias in Memory and Stroop Tasks: Toward a Formal Model
  25. 17. The Development of Metamemory in Children
  26. 18. Subjective Experience as a Basis of "Objective" Judgments: Effects of Past Experience on Judgments of Difficulty
  27. 19. Probing Knowledge Structures
  28. 20. Prospective Duration Estimation and Performance
  29. VI. Special Populations: Aging and Neurological Disorders
  30. 21. Applying Cognitive Research to Problems of Aging
  31. 22. Training for Executive Control: Task Coordination Strategies and Aging
  32. 23. Inhibitory Control, Circadian Arousal, and Age
  33. 24. Theory-Driven Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: The Role of Attention and Competition in Recovery of Function after Brain Damage
  34. 25. Separate Mechanisms for the Adaptive Control of Reactive, Volitional, and Memory-Guided Saccadic Eye Movements
  35. 26. Interaction of Spatial Attention and Reading Processes in Neglect Dyslexia
  36. VII. Discussion
  37. 27. Theory and Application in the Cognitive Regulation of Performance: Discussion of Attention and Performance XVII
  38. Author Index
  39. Subject Index