Binocular Rivalry

Overview

Researchers today in neuroscience and cognitive psychology increasingly turn their attention to binocular rivalry and other forms of perceptual ambiguity or bistability. The study of fluctuations in visual perception in the face of unchanging visual input offers a means for understanding the link between neural events and visual events, including visual awareness. Some neuroscientists believe that binocular rivalry reveals a fundamental aspect of human cognition and provides a way to isolate and study brain areas involved in attention and selection. The eighteen essays collected in Binocular Rivalry present the most recent theoretical and empirical work on this key topic by leading researchers in the field.

After the opening chapter's overview of the major characteristics of binocular rivalry in their historical contexts, the contributors consider topics ranging from the basic phenomenon of perceptual ambiguity to brain models and neural networks. The essays illustrate the potential power of the study of perceptual ambiguity as a tool for learning about the neural concomitants of visual awareness, or, as they have been called, the "neural correlates of consciousness."

Table of Contents

  1. Foreword

    Robert Fox

  2. Preface

  3. 1. Landmarks in the History of Binocular Rivalry

    Randolph Blake

  4. 2. Ambiguities and Rivalries in the History of Binocular Vision

    Nicholas J. Wade

  5. 3. The Nature and Depth of Binocular Rivalry Suppression

    Alan W. Freeman, Vincent A. Nguyen, and David Alais

  6. 4. Investigations of the Neural Basis of Binocular rivalry

    Frank Tong

  7. 5. Parallel Pathways and Temporal Dynamics in Binocular Rivalry

    Sheng He, Thomas Carlson, and Xiangchuan Chen

  8. 6. Human Development of Binocular Rivalry

    Ilona Kovacs and Michal Eisenberg

  9. 7. Surface Representation and Attention Modulation

    Teng Leng Ooi and Zijiang J. He

  10. 8. Dynamics of Perceptual Bistability: Plaids and Binocular Rivalry Compared

    Nava Rubin and Jean-Michel Hupe

  11. 9. Interocular Grouping in Binocular Rivalry: Basic Attributes and Combinations

    Thomas V. Papathomas, Ilona Kovacs, and Tiffany Conway

  12. 10. Binocular Rivalry and the Perception of Depth

    Ian P. Howard

  13. 11. From Contour to Object-Face Rivalry: Multiple Neural Mechanisms Resolve Perceptual Ambiguity

    Timothy J. Andrews, Frank Sengpiel, and Colin Blakemore

  14. 12. Responses of Single Neurons in the Human Brain During Flash Suppression

    Gabriel Kreiman, Itzhak Fried, and Christo Koch

  15. 13. Bionocular Rivalry and the Illusion of Monocular Vision

    David A. Leopold, Alexander Maier, Melanie Wilke, and Nikos K. Logothetis

  16. 14. The Functional Role of Oscillatory Neuronal Synchronization for Perceptual Organization and Selection

    Pascal Fries, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Andreas K. Engel, and Wolf Singer

  17. 15. Perceptual Rivalry as an Ultradian Oscillation

    J. D. Pettigrew and O. L. Carter

  18. 16. Binocular Rivalry in the Divided Brain

    Robert P. O'Shea and Paul M. Corballis

  19. 17. Rivalry and Perceptual Oscillations: A Dynamical Synthesis

    Hugh R. Wilson

  20. 18. A Neural Network Model of Top-Down Rivalry

    D. P. Crewther, R. Jones, J. Munro, T. Price, S. Puilis, and S. Crewther

  21. Contributors
  22. Name Index
  23. Subject Index