Cognitive Science in Medicine

Biomedical Modeling

Biomedicine has become one of the best-modeled domains from several perspectives—artificial intelligence, psychology, and the social sciences; yet few studies have combined these points of view. In this book, the interdisciplinary strengths of cognitive science offer fresh insights into biomedical problem solving.

Cognitive Science in Medicine presents current research that focuses on issues and results in applying techniques from cognitive science to problems in biomedicine. It includes material by researchers who have worked in both areas and is unique in linking models of physician knowledge with models of physician behavior.

David Evans discusses issues of cognitive science in medicine in his introduction; and in a chapter with Cindy Gadd and Harry Pople, deals with the problem of managing coherence and context in medical problem-solving discourse. Vimla Patel, Evans, and Guy Groen provide experimental data that illuminates the role of biomedical knowledge in clinical reasoning; and Patel, Evans, and David Kaufman offer a cognitive science framework for analysis of clinical interviews.

Other contributors and subjects include: Clark Glymour on the empirical and representational issues in cognitive and medical science; Alan Lesgold on multilevel models of expertise; Arthur Elstein, James Dodd, and Gerald B. Holzman on the analysis of estrogen replacement decisions among residents; Kenneth R. Hammond, Elizabeth Frederick, Nichole Robillard, and Doreen Victor on the features of the student-teacher dialog in medicine; Naomi Rodolitz and William J. Clancey on tutoring for strategic knowledge; Paul J. Feltovich, Rand J. Spiro, and Richard L. Coulson on the foundations of misunderstanding in established medical knowledge; John K. Vries, Evans, and Peretz Shoval on the development of semantic networks for medical information retrieval; and John Bruer, with a preface on the implications of cognitive-scientific studies for medical education.

A Bradford Book

Table of Contents

  1. List of Authors
  2. Foreword
  3. Preface
  4. 1. Issues of Cognitive Science in Medicine
  5. 2. Estrogen Replacement Decisions of Third-Year Residents: Clinical Intuition and Decision Analysis
  6. 3. Perceptual Concepts
  7. 4. The Nature of Conceptual Understanding in Biomedicine: The Deep Structure of Complex Ideas and the Development of Misconceptions
  8. 5. Application of Cognitive Theory to the Student-Teacher Dialogue
  9. 6. Managing Coherence and Context in Medical Problem-Solving Discourse
  10. 7. A Cognitive Framework for Doctor-Patient Interaction
  11. 8. GUIDON-MANAGE: Teaching the Process of Medical Diagnosis
  12. 9. When Less Is More
  13. 10. Context-Specific Requirements for Models of Expertise
  14. Index