Cognitive Unconscious and Human Rationality


This volume contributes to a current debate within the psychology of thought that has wide implications for our ideas about creativity, decision making, and economic behavior. The essays focus on the role of implicit, unconscious thinking in creativity and problem solving, the interaction of intuition and analytic thinking, and the relationship between communicative heuristics and thought. The analyses move beyond the conventional conception of mind informed by extra-psychological theoretical models toward a genuinely psychological conception of rationality—a rationality no longer limited to conscious, explicit thought, but able to exploit the intentional implicit level.

The contributors consider a new conception of human rationality that must cope with the uncertainty of the real world; the implications of abandoning the normative model of classic logic and adopting a probabilistic approach instead; the argumentative and linguistic aspects of reasoning; and the role of implicit thought in reasoning, creativity, and its neurological base.

Maria Bagassi, Linden J. Ball, Jean Baratgin, Aron K. Barbey, Tilmann Betsch, Eric Billaut, Jean-François Bonnefon, Pierre Bonnier, Shira Elqayam, Keith Frankish, Gerd Gigerenzer, Ken Gilhooly, Denis Hilton, Anna Lang, Stefanie Lindow, Laura Macchi, Hugo Mercier, Giuseppe Mosconi, Ian R. Newman, Mike Oaksford, David Over, Guy Politzer, Johannes Ritter, Steven A. Sloman, Edward J. N. Stupple, Ron Sun, Nicole H. Therriault, Valerie A. Thompson, Emmanuel Trouche-Raymond, Riccardo Viale

Table of Contents

  1. Foreword: Cooking Eggs on a Toaster

    Keith Frankish

  2. Introduction

    Laura Macchi, Maria Bagassi, and Riccardo Viale

  3. 1. Rationality without Optimization: Bounded Rationality

    Gerd Gigerenzer

  4. 2. Grounded Rationality and the New Paradigm Psychology of Reasoning

    Shira Elqayam

  5. 3. The Interpretative Function and the Emergence of Unconscious Analytic Thought

    Maria Bagassi and Laura Macchi

  6. 4. The Paradigm Shift in the Psychology of Reasoning

    David Over

  7. 5. Knowing Enough to Achieve Your Goals: Bayesian Models and Practical and Theoretical Rationality in Conscious and Unconscious Inference

    Mike Oaksford

  8. 6. Logic, Probability, and Inference: A Methodology for a New Paradigm

    Jean Baratgin and Guy Politzer

  9. 7. Dual Reasoning Processes and the Resolution of Uncertainty: The Case of Belief Bias

    Linden J. Ball and Edward J. N. Stupple

  10. 8. The Basic Assumptions of Intuitive Belief: Laws, Determinism, and Free Will

    Steven A. Sloman and Aron K. Barbey

  11. 9. Pragmatic Approaches to Deontic Conditionals: From Rule Content to Rule Use

    Denis Hilton

  12. 10. Why Don't People Produce Better Arguments?

    Hugo Mercier, Pierre Bonnier, and Emmanuel Trouche

  13. 11. Individual Differences in Reasoning beyond Ability and Disposition

    Jean-François Bonnefon and Éric Billaut

  14. 12. Thinking beyond Boundaries

    Tilmann Betsch, Johannes Ritter, Anna Lang, and Stefanie Lindow

  15. 13. Implicit and Explicit Processes: Their Relation, Interaction, and Competition

    Ron Sun

  16. 14. Meta-reasoning: Monitoring and Control of Reasoning, Decision Making, and Problem Solving

    Valerie A. Thompson, Nicole H. Therriault, and Ian R. Newman

  17. 15. Incubation in Creative Thinking

    Ken Gilhooly

  18. 16. Brain-Based Bounded Creativity

    Riccardo Viale

  19. 17. A Psycho-rhetorical Perspective on Thought and Human Rationality

    Giuseppe Mosconi

  20. Contributors
  21. Index