Comparative Approaches to Cognitive Science

Overview

Comparative Approaches to Cognitive Science consolidates a series of recent advances in cognitive science, describing a novel, animal-based, largely nonsymbolic approach to understanding basic mechanisms in adaptive intelligence. Scholars who are at the cutting edge of their disciplines clearly explain their concepts and techniques in twenty contributions that provide a balance of both theoretical and empirical approaches.

The essays are tied together by the idea that our understanding of cognition is likely to be enhanced by consideration of mechanisms and processes at its foundation—mechanisms that are shared by both human and nonhuman animals—and which may be implemented and tested in some simulated animals or built robots.

The themes described in the book include considerations of the perceptual and motor abilities of animals as the evolutionary and conceptual foundation of more complex abilities; modeling focused as much on connections and constraints as on language and symbols; an interest in simple adaptive processes in animals and robots as the basis for more complex forms of learning and adaptation; and a consideration of animals and robots as integrated and situated systems in contrast to the reductionist and environment-free frameworks often seen in standard cognitive science.A part of the book considers the question of intentionality in animals—whether they "know they know," or have beliefs—and how that might implicate behavior. Other sections address how representation, communication, motivation, and emotion affect behavior.

Contributors:
C. Allen, M. Bekoff, M.A. Boden, W.T. Bourbon, G. Butterworth, P.W. Cheng, J. Delacour, D.C. Dennett, M. Dyer, C.S. Evans, N. Frijda, J.P. Halperin, K.J. Holyoak, P. Marler, D. MacFarland, B.W. Mel, J.-A. Meyer, J. Neiworth, H.L. Roitblat, C. Thinus-Blanc, R.K.R. Thompson, F. Toates

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
  2. Introduction
  3. 1. Comparative Approaches to Cognitive Science

    Herbert L. Roitblat

  4. 2. The Animat Approach to Cognitive Science

    Jean-Arcady Meyer

  5. 3. Creative Creatures

    Margaret A. Boden

  6. 4. Animal Behavior in Four Components

    Bartlett W. Mel

  7. 5. Intentionality: Natural and Artificial

    Colin Allen

  8. 6. Do Animals Have Beliefs?

    Daniel C. Dennett

  9. 7. Cognitive Ethology and the Explanation of Nonhuman Animal Behavior

    Marc Bekoff

  10. 8. Perceptual Control Theory

    W. Thomas Bourbon

  11. 9. Natural and Relational Concepts in Animals

    Roger K. R. Thompson

  12. 10. The Integration of Content with Context: Spatiotemporal Encoding and Episodic Memories in People and Animals

    Julie J. Neiworth

  13. 11. Spatial Information Processing in Animals

    Catherine Thinus-Blanc

  14. 12. Complex Adaptive Systems as Intuitive Statisticians: Causality, Contingency, and Prediction

    Patricia W. Cheng and Keith J. Holyoak

  15. 13. A Model of the Brain and the Memory System

    J. Delacour

  16. 14. Factors in Visual Attention Eliciting Manual Pointing in Human Infancy

    George Butterworth

  17. 15. Language and Animal Communication: Parallels and Contrasts

    Christopher S. Evans and Peter Marler

  18. 16. Toward the Acquisition of Language and the Evolution of Communication: A Synthetic Approach

    Michael G. Dyer

  19. 17. Opportunity versus Goals in Robots, Animals, and People

    David McFarland

  20. 18. Animal Motivation and Cognition

    Frederick Toates

  21. 19. Cognition and Emotion in Animals and Machines

    J. R. P. Halperin

  22. 20. Emotions in Robots

    Nico H. Frijda

  23. Contributors
  24. Author Index
  25. Subject Index