Control of Cognitive Processes

Attention and Performance XVIII

One of the most challenging problems facing cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience is to explain how mental processes are voluntarily controlled, allowing the computational resources of the brain to be selected flexibly and deployed to achieve changing goals. The eighteenth of the celebrated international symposia on Attention and Performance focused on this problem, seeking to banish or at least deconstruct the "homunculus": that conveniently intelligent, but opaque, agent still lurking within many theories, under the guise of a central executive or supervisory attentional system assumed to direct processes that are not "automatic."

The thirty-two contributions discuss evidence from psychological experiments with healthy and brain-damaged subjects, functional imaging, electrophysiology, and computational modeling. Four sections focus on specific forms of control: of visual attention, of perception-action coupling, of task-switching and dual-task performance, and of multistep tasks. The other three sections extend the interdisciplinary approach, with chapters on the neural substrate of control, studies of control disorders, and computational simulations. The progress achieved in fractionating, localizing, and modeling control functions, and in understanding the interaction between stimulus-driven and voluntary control, takes research on control in the mind/brain to a new level of sophistication.

Table of Contents

  1. Acknowledgments
  2. The Attention and Performance Symposia
  3. Participants
  4. Group Photo
  5. Introduction
  6. 1. Banishing the Control Homunculus

    Stephen Monsell and Jon Driver

  7. Association Lecture
  8. 2. Task Switching, Stimulus-Response Bindings, and Negative Priming

    Alan Allport and Glenn Wylie

  9. I. Control of Visual Attention
  10. 3. Goal-Directed and Stimulus-Driven Determinants of Attentional Control (Tutorial)

    Steven Yantis

  11. 4. On the Time Course of Top-Down and Bottom-Up Control of Visual Attention

    Jan Theeuwes, Paul Atchley and Arthur F. Kramer

  12. 5. Electrophysiological and Neuroimaging Studies of Voluntary and Reflexive Attention

    Joseph B. Hopfinger, Amishi P. Jha, Jens-Max Hopf, Massimo Girelli and George R. Mangun

  13. 6. Looking Forward to Looking: Saccade Preparation and Control of the Visual Grasp Reflex

    Robert Rafal, Liana Machado, Tony Ro and Harris Ingle

  14. 7. Selective Attention and Cognitive Control: Dissociating Attentional Functions Through Different Types of Load

    Nilli Lavie

  15. 8. Relations among Modes of Visual Orienting (Commentary)

    Raymond M. Klein and David I. Shore

  16. II. Control of Perception-Action Coupling
  17. 9. The Control of Visuomotor Control (Commentary)

    A. David Milner

  18. 10. Behavioral Consequences of Selection from Neural Population Codes

    Steven P. Tipper, Louise A. Howard and George Houghton

  19. 11. The Prepared Reflex: Automaticity and Control in Stimulus-Response Translation (Tutorial)

    Bernhard Hommel

  20. III. Task Switching and Multitask Performance
  21. 12. Task Switching and Multitask Performance (Tutorial)

    Harold Pashler

  22. 13. Multitasking Performance Deficits: Forging Links between the Attentional Blink and the Psychological Refractory Period

    Pierre Jolicoeur, Roberto Dell Acqua and Jacquelyn Crebolder

  23. 14. Intentional Reconfiguration and Involuntary Persistence in Task Set Switching

    Thomas Goschke

  24. 15. An Intention-Activation Account of Residual Switch Costs

    Ritske De Jong

  25. 16. Reconfiguration of Stimulus Task Sets and Response Task Sets during Task Switching

    Nachshon Meiran

  26. 17. Task Switching in a Callosotomy Patient and in Normal Participants: Evidence for Response-Related Sources of Interference

    Richard B. Ivry and Eliot Hazeltine

  27. IV. Control of Multistep Tasks
  28. 18. The Organization of Sequential Actions

    Glyn W. Humphreys, Emer M. E. Forde and Dawn Francis

  29. 19. Cognitive Control of Multistep Routines: Information Processing and Conscious Intentions

    Richard A. Carlson and Myeong-Ho Sohn

  30. 20. Real-World Multitasking from a Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

    Paul W. Burgess

  31. V. The Neural Substrate of Control
  32. 21. Functioning of Frontostriatal Anatomical Loops in Mechanisms of Cognitive Control (Tutorial)

    Trevor W. Robbins and Robert D. Rogers

  33. 22. The Neural Basis of Top-Down Control of Visual Attention in Prefrontal Cortex

    Earl K. Miller

  34. 23. Middorsolateral and Midventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex: Two Levels of Executive Control for the Processing of Mnemonic Information

    Michael Petrides

  35. 24. The Role of Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in the Selection of Action as Revealed by Functional Imaging

    Chris Frith

  36. 25. Dissociative Methods in the Study of Frontal Lobe Function (Commentary)

    John Duncan and Adrian M. Owen

  37. VI. Disorders of Control
  38. 26. Neural Correlates of Processes Contributing to Working-Memory Function: Evidence from Neuropsychological and Pharmacological Studies

    Mark D Esposito and Bradley R. Postle

  39. 27. Visual Affordances and Object Selection

    M. Jane Riddoch, Glyn W. Humphreys and Martin G. Edwards

  40. 28. Deficits of Task Set in Patients with Left Prefrontal Cortex Lesions

    Steven W. Keele and Robert Rafal

  41. 29. Executive Control Problems in Childhood Psychopathology: Stop Signal Studies of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    Gordon D. Logan, Russell J. Schachar and Rosemary Tannock

  42. VII. Computational Modeling of Control
  43. 30. Modern Computational Perspectives on Executive Mental Processes and Cognitive Control: Where to from Here?

    David E. Kieras, David E. Meyer, James A. Ballas and Eric J. Lauber

  44. 31. On the Control of Control: The Role of Dopamine in Regulating Prefrontal Function and Working Memory

    Todd S. Braver and Jonathan D. Cohen

  45. 32. Is There an Inhibitory Module in the Prefrontal Cortex? Working Memory and the Mechanisms Underlying Cognitive Control (Commentary)

    Daniel Y. Kimberg and Martha J. Farah

  46. Author Index
  47. Subject Index