ISBN: 9780262343275 | 368 pp. | January 2018

Experienced Wholeness

Integrating Insights from Gestalt Theory, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Predictive Processing
How can we account for phenomenal unity? That is, how can we characterize and explain our experience of objects and groups of objects, bodily experiences, successions of events, and the attentional structure of consciousness as wholes? In this book, Wanja Wiese develops an interdisciplinary account of phenomenal unity, investigating how experiential wholes can be characterized and how such characterization can be analyzed conceptually as well as computationally. 
Wiese first addresses how the unity of consciousness can be characterized phenomenologically, discussing what it is like to experience wholes and what is the experiential contribution of phenomenal unity. Considering the associated conceptual and empirical issues, he draws connections to phenomenological accounts and research on Gestalt theory. The results show how the attentional structure of experience, the experience of temporal flow, and different types of experiential wholes contribute to our sense of phenomenal unity. Moreover, characterizing phenomenal unity in terms of the existence of a single global phenomenal state is neither necessary nor sufficient to adequately address the problem of phenomenal unity. Wiese then suggests that the concepts and ideas of predictive processing can be used to analyze phenomenal unity computationally. The result is both a conceptual framework and an interdisciplinary account: the regularity account of phenomenal unity. According to this account, experienced wholes correspond to a hierarchy of connecting regularities. The brain tracks these regularities by hierarchical prediction error minimization, which approximates hierarchical Bayesian inference.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface and Acknowledgments
  2. 1. Introduction
  3. 2. Framing the Problem of Phenomenal Unity (PPU)
  4. 3. Why the Single State Conception Does Not Solve the Problem of Phenomenal Unity
  5. 4. What Is It Like to Experience a Third Man? The Phenomenological Bradley and How to Solve It
  6. 5. Think Globally, Experience Locally?
  7. 6. Representational Holism
  8. 7. Predictive Processing
  9. 8. Consciousness and Predictive Processing
  10. 9. The Regularity Account of Phenomenal Unity
  11. 10. Putting It All Together
  12. Glossary
  13. References
  14. Index