ISBN: 9780262341752 | 344 pp. | February 2017

Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry

Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research
Psychiatry and mental health research is in crisis, with tensions between psychiatry’s clinical and research aims and controversies over diagnosis, treatment, and scientific constructs for studying mental disorders. At the center of these controversies is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), which—especially after the publication of DSM-5—many have found seriously flawed as a guide for research. This book addresses the crisis and the associated “extraordinary science” (Thomas Kuhn’s term for scientific research during a state of crisis) from the perspective of philosophy of science. The goal is to help reconcile the competing claims of science and phenomenology within psychiatry and to offer new insights for the philosophy of science. 
The contributors discuss the epistemological origins of the current crisis, the nature of evidence in psychiatric research, and the National Institute for Mental Health’s Research Domain Criteria project. They consider particular research practices in psychiatry—computational, personalized, mechanistic, and user-led—and the specific categories of schizophrenia, depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder. Finally, they examine the DSM’s dubious practice of pathologizing normality.
Richard P. Bentall, John Bickle, Robyn Bluhm, Rachel Cooper, Kelso Cratsley, Owen Flanagan, Michael Frank, George Graham, Ginger A. Hoffman, Harold Kincaid, Aaron Kostko, Edouard Machery, Jeffrey Poland, Claire Pouncey, Şerife Tekin, Peter Zachar

Table of Contents

  1. Acknowledgments
  2. 1. Introduction: Psychiatric Research and Extraordinary Science

    Jeffrey Poland and Şerife Tekin

  3. 2. Kinds or Tails?

    Edouard Machery

  4. 3. Evidence-Based Medicine, Biological Psychiatry, and the Role of Science in Medicine

    Robyn Bluhm

  5. 4. RDoC's Metaphysical Assumptions: Problems and Promises

    Ginger A. Hoffman and Peter Zachar

  6. 5. Psychopathology without Nosology: The Research Domain Criteria Project as Normal Science

    Claire Pouncey

  7. 6. The Promise of Computational Psychiatry

    Jeffrey Poland

  8. 7. Personalized Psychiatry and Scientific Causal Explanations: Two Accounts

    Aaron Kostko and John Bickle

  9. 8. The Shift to Mechanistic Explanation and Classification

    Kelso Cratsley

  10. 9. Classification, Rating Scales, and Promoting User-Led Research

    Rachel Cooper

  11. 10. Six Myths about Schizophrenia: A Paradigm Well Beyond Its Use-By Date?

    Richard P. Bentall

  12. 11. Looking for the Self in Psychiatry: Perils and Promises of Phenomenology-Neuroscience Partnership in Schizophrenia Research

    Şerife Tekin

  13. 12. DSM Applications to Young Children: Are There Really Bipolar and Depressed Two-Year-Olds?

    Harold Kincaid

  14. 13. Truth and Sanity: Positive Illusions, Spiritual Delusions, and Metaphysical Hallucinations

    Owen Flanagan and George Graham

  15. Contributors
  16. Index