HAL's Legacy

2001's Computer as Dream and Reality

I became operational ... in Urbana, Illinois, on January 12, 1997.

Inspired by HAL's self-proclaimed birth date, HAL's Legacy reflects upon science fiction's most famous computer and explores the relationship between science fantasy and technological fact. The informative, nontechnical chapters written especially for this book describe many of the areas of computer science critical to the design of intelligent machines, discuss whether scientists in the 1960s were accurate about the prospects for advancement in their fields, and look at how HAL has influenced scientific research.

Contributions by leading scientists look at the technologies that would be critical if we were, as Arthur Clarke and Stanley Kubrick imagined thirty years ago, to try and build HAL in 1997: supercomputers, fault-tolerance and reliability, planning, artificial intelligence, lipreading, speech recognition and synthesis, commonsense reasoning, the ability to recognize and display emotion, and human-machine interaction. A separate chapter by philosopher Daniel Dennett considers the ethical implications of intelligent machines.

Table of Contents

  1. Foreword

    Arthur C. Clarke

  2. Preface
  3. 1. The Best-Informed Dream: HAL and the Vision of 2001

    David G. Stork

  4. 2. Scientist on the Set: An Interview with Marvin Minsky

    David G. Stork

  5. 3. Could We Build HAL? Supercomputer Design

    David J. Kuck

  6. 4. "Foolproof and Incapable of Error?" Reliable Computing and Fault Tolerance

    Ravishankar K. Iyer

  7. 5. "An Enjoyable Game": How HAL Plays Chess

    Murray S. Campbell

  8. 6. "The Talking Computer": Text to Speech Synthesis

    Joseph P. Olive

  9. 7. When Will HAL Understand What We Are Saying? Computer Speech Recognition and Understanding

    Raymond Kurzweil

  10. 8. "I'm sorry, Dave, I'm afraid I can't do that": How Could HAL Use Language?

    Roger C. Schank

  11. 9. From to 2001: Common Sense and the Mind of HAL

    Douglas B. Lenat

  12. 10. Eyes for Computers: How HAL Could "See"

    Azriel Rosenfeld

  13. 11. "I could see your lips move": HAL and Speechreading

    David G. Stork

  14. 12. Living in Space: Working with the Machines of the Future

    Donald A. Norman

  15. 13. Does HAL Cry Digital Tears? Emotions and Computers

    Rosalind W. Picard

  16. 14. "That's something I could not allow to happen": HAL and Planning

    David E. Wilkins

  17. 15. Computers, Science, and Extraterrestrials: An Interview with Stephen Wolfram

    David G. Stork

  18. 16. When HAL Kills, Who's to Blame? Computer Ethics

    Daniel C. Dennett

  19. Contributors
  20. Index