Head Direction Cells and the Neural Mechanisms of Spatial Orientation

Overview

Head direction cells—neurons that fire only when an animal orients its head in a certain direction—are found in several different brain areas, with different neurons selective for different head orientations; they are influenced by landmarks as well as motor and vestibular information concerning how the head moves through space. These properties suggest that head direction cells play an important role in determining orientation in space and in navigation. Moreover, the prominence, strength, and clarity of head direction signals indicate their importance over the course of evolution and suggest that they can serve as a vital key for understanding brain function. This book presents the latest findings on head direction cells in a comprehensive treatment that will be a valuable reference for students and researchers in the cognitive sciences, neuroscience, computational science, and robotics.

The book begins by presenting head direction cell properties and an anatomical framework of the head direction system. It then looks at the types of sensory and motor information that control head direction cell firing, covering topics including the integration of diverse signals; the relationship between head direction cell activity and an animal's spatial behavior; and spatial and directional orientation in nonhuman primates and humans. The book concludes with a tutorial demonstrating the implementation of the continuous attractor network, a computational model of head direction cells, and an application of this approach for a navigational system for mobile robots.

Table of Contents

  1. Foreword: History of the Discovery of Head Direction Cells by James B. Ranck Jr.
  2. Preface
  3. Overview by Sidney I. Wiener and Jeffrey S. Taube
  4. REPRESENTATIONS OF DIRECTIONAL ORIENTATION: HEAD DIRECTION CELL PROPERTIES AND ANATOMY
  5. 1. Regional Distribution and Variation in the Firing Properties of Head Direction Cells

    Patricia E. Sharp

  6. 2. Neuroanatomy of Head Direction Cell Circuits

    David A. Hopkins

  7. 3. Head Direction Cell Activity: Landmark Control and Responses in Three Dimensions

    Jeffrey S. Taube

  8. 4. How Visual Cues Control Preferred Directions in Head Direction Cells

    Michaël B. Zugaro and Sidney I. Wiener

  9. 5. Head Direction Signal Generation: Ascending and Descending Information Streams

    Joshua P. Bassett and Jeffrey S. Taube

  10. INFLUENCE OF VESTIBULAR AND MOTOR CUES ON HEAD DIRECTION CELLS AND PLACE CELLS
  11. 6. Vestibular and Motor Processing for Head Direction Signals

    Stefan Glasauer

  12. 7. Self-Motion Cues and Resolving Intermodality Conflicts: Head Direction Cells, Place Cells, and Behavior

    Robert W. Stackman and Michaël B. Zugaro

  13. 8. Coupling between Head Direction Cells and Place Cells: Influences of Landmarks, Self-Motion, and Intrinsic Circuitry

    James J. Knierim

  14. 9. Directional Responses in Place Cells

    Nicolas Brunel and Robert U. Muller

  15. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE HEAD DIRECTION SYSTEM, SPATIAL ORIENTATION, AND BEHAVIOR
  16. 10. Head Direction Codes in Hippocampal Afferent and Efferent Systems: What Functions Do They Serve?

    Sheri J. Y. Mizumori, Corey B. Puryear, Katherine M. Gill, and Alex Guazzelli

  17. 11. What Does the Head Direction Cell System Actually Do?

    Paul A. Dudchenko, Gary M. Muir, Russell J. Frohardt, and Jeffrey

  18. 12. Behavioral Studies of Directional Orientation in Developing and Adult Animals

    Sidney I. Wiener and Françoise Schenk

  19. 13. Cognitive Deficits Induced by Lesions of Structures Containing Head Direction Cells

    John P. Aggleton

  20. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SPATIAL ORIENTATION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES AND HUMANS
  21. 14. Head Direction and Spatial View Cells in Primates, and Brain Mechanisms for Path Integration and Episodic Memory

    Edmund T. Rolls

  22. 15. Posterior Cortical Processing of Self-Movement Cues: MSTd's Role in Papez's Circuit for Navigation and Orientation

    Charles J. Duffy, William K. Page, and Michael T. Froehler

  23. 16. Vestibular, Proprioceptive, and Visual Influences on the Perception of Orientation and Self-Motion in Humans

    Isabelle Israil and William H. Warren

  24. 17. Head Direction Control during Active Locomotion in Humans

    Halim Hicheur, Stefan Glasauer, Stephane Vieilledent, and Alain Berthoz

  25. THEORETICAL STUDIES AND NEURAL NETWORK MODELS OF THE HEAD DIRECTION SYSTEM
  26. 18. Attractor Network Models of Head Direction Cells

    David S. Touretzky

  27. 19. Head Direction Cells and Place Cells in Models for Navigation and Robotic Applications

    Angelo Arleo and Wulfram Gerstner

  28. 20. Head Direction Cells and Neural Bases of Spatial Orientation: Synthesis and Future Perspectives

    Sidney I. Wiener

  29. Contributors
  30. Index