How the Body Shapes the Way We Think

A New View of Intelligence

How could the body influence our thinking when it seems obvious that the brain controls the body? In How the Body Shapes the Way We Think, Rolf Pfeifer and Josh Bongard demonstrate that thought is not independent of the body but is tightly constrained, and at the same time enabled, by it. They argue that the kinds of thoughts we are capable of have their foundation in our embodiment—in our morphology and the material properties of our bodies.

This crucial notion of embodiment underlies fundamental changes in the field of artificial intelligence over the past two decades, and Pfeifer and Bongard use the basic methodology of artificial intelligence—"understanding by building"—to describe their insights. If we understand how to design and build intelligent systems, they reason, we will better understand intelligence in general. In accessible, nontechnical language, and using many examples, they introduce the basic concepts by building on recent developments in robotics, biology, neuroscience, and psychology to outline a possible theory of intelligence. They illustrate applications of such a theory in ubiquitous computing, business and management, and the psychology of human memory. Embodied intelligence, as described by Pfeifer and Bongard, has important implications for our understanding of both natural and artificial intelligence.

Table of Contents

  1. Foreword by Rodney Brooks
  2. Preface
  3. Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence, Embodiment, and What the Book Is About
  4. 1. Intelligence, Thinking, and Artificial Intelligence
  5. 2. Artificial Intelligence: The Landscape
  6. Toward a Theory of Intelligence
  7. 3. Prerequisites for a Theory of Intelligence
  8. 4. Intelligent Systems: Properties and Principles
  9. 5. Development: From Locomotion to Cognition
  10. 6. Evolution: Cognition from Scratch
  11. 7. Collective Intelligence: Cognition from Interaction
  12. Applications and Case Studies
  13. 8. Ubiquitous Computing and Interfacing Technology
  14. 9. Building Intelligent Companies
  15. 10. Where Is Human Memory?
  16. 11. Robotic Technology in Everyday Life
  17. Principles and Insights
  18. 12. How the Body Shapes the Way We Think
  19. Notes
  20. References
  21. Index