Mind and Morals

Essays on Ethics and Cognitive Science

The essays in this anthology deal with the growing interconnections between moral philosophy and research that draws upon neuroscience, developmental psychology, and evolutionary biology. This cross-disciplinary interchange coincides, not accidentally, with the renewed interest in ethical naturalism.

In order to understand the nature and limits of moral reasoning, many new ethical naturalists look to cognitive science for an account of how people actually reason. At the same time, many cognitive scientists have become increasingly interested in moral reasoning as a complex form of human cognition that challenges their theoretical models. The result of this collaborative, and often critical, interchange is an exciting intellectual ferment at the frontiers of research into human mentality.

Sections and Contributors:

Ethics Naturalized
Owen Flanagan, Mark L. Johnson, Virginia Held

Moral Judgments, Representations, and Prototypes
Paul M. Churchland, Andy Clark, Peggy DesAutels, Ruth Garrett Millikan

Moral Emotions
Robert M. Gordon, Alvin I. Goldman, John Deigh, Naomi Scheman

Agency and Responsibility
James P. Sterba, Susan Khin-Zaw, Helen E. Longino, Michael E. Bratman

A Bradford Book

Table of Contents

  1. Acknowledgments
  2. Contributors
  3. 1. Introduction

    Larry May, Marilyn Friedman, and Andy Clark

  4. 2. Ethics Naturalized: Ethics as Human Ecology

    Owen Flanagan

  5. 3. How Moral Psychology Changes Moral Theory

    Mark L. Johnson

  6. 4. Whose Agenda? Ethics versus Cognitive Science

    Virginia Held

  7. 5. The Neural Representation of the Social World

    Paul M. Churchland

  8. 6. Connectionism, Moral Cognition, and Collaborative Problem Solving

    Andy Clark

  9. 7. Gestalt Shifts in Moral Perception

    Peggy DesAutels

  10. 8. Pushmi-pullyu Representations

    Ruth Garrett Millikan

  11. 9. Sympathy, Simulation, and the Impartial Spectator

    Robert M. Gordon

  12. 10. Simulation and Interpersonal Utility

    Alvin I. Goldman

  13. 11. Empathy and Universalizability

    John Deigh

  14. 12. Feeling Our Way toward Moral Objectivity

    Naomi Scheman

  15. 13. Justifying Morality and the Challenge of Cognitive Science

    James P. Sterba

  16. 14. Moral Rationality

    Susan Khin Zaw

  17. 15. Moral Agency and Responsibility: Cautionary Tales from Biology

    Helen E. Longino

  18. 16. Planning and Temptation

    Michael E. Bratman

  19. Index