ISBN: 9780262335683 | 240 pp. | October 2016

The Mind-Body Problem

Overview
Philosophers from Descartes to Kripke have struggled with the glittering prize of modern and contemporary philosophy: the mind-body problem. The brain is physical. If the mind is physical, we cannot see how. If we cannot see how the mind is physical, we cannot see how it can interact with the body. And if the mind is not physical, it cannot interact with the body. Or so it seems.
 
In this book the philosopher Jonathan Westphal examines the mind-body problem in detail, laying out the reasoning behind the solutions that have been offered in the past and presenting his own proposal. The sharp focus on the mind-body problem, a problem that is not about the self, or consciousness, or the soul, or anything other than the mind and the body, helps clarify both problem and solutions.
 
Westphal outlines the history of the mind-body problem, beginning with Descartes. He describes mind-body dualism, which claims that the mind and the body are two different and separate things, nonphysical and physical, and he also examines physicalist theories of mind; antimaterialism, which proposes limits to physicalism and introduces the idea of qualia; and scientific theories of consciousness. 
 
Finally, Westphal examines the largely forgotten neutral monist theories of mind and body, held by Ernst Mach, William James, and Bertrand Russell, which attempt neither to extract mind from matter nor to dissolve matter into mind. Westphal proposes his own version of neutral monism. This version is unique among neutral monist theories in offering an account of mind-body interaction.

Table of Contents

  1. Series Foreword
  2. Preface
  3. 1. The Mind-Body Problem: Background and History
  4. 2. Dualist Theories of Mind and Body
  5. 3. Physicalist Theories of Mind
  6. 4. Antimaterialism about the Mind
  7. 5. Science and the Mind-Body Problem: Consciousness
  8. 6. Natural Theories of Mind and Body
  9. 7. Neutral Monism
  10. Glossary
  11. Notes
  12. Bibliography
  13. Further Readings
  14. Index