From Monkey Brain to Human Brain

A Fyssen Foundation Symposium
Overview

The extraordinary overlap between human and chimpanzee genomes does not result in an equal overlap between human and chimpanzee thoughts, sensations, perceptions, and emotions; there are considerable similarities but also considerable differences between human and nonhuman primate brains. From Monkey Brain to Human Brain uses the latest findings in cognitive psychology, comparative biology, and neuroscience to look at the complex patterns of convergence and divergence in primate cortical organization and function.

Several chapters examine the use of modern technologies to study primate brains, analyzing the potentials and the limitations of neuroimaging as well as genetic and computational approaches. These methods, which can be applied identically across different species of primates, help to highlight the paradox of nonlinear primate evolution—the fact that major changes in brain size and functional complexity resulted from small changes in the genome. Other chapters identify plausible analogs or homologs in nonhuman primates for such human cognitive functions as arithmetic, reading, theory of mind, and altruism; examine the role of parietofrontal circuits in the production and comprehension of actions; analyze the contributions of the prefrontal and cingulate cortices to cognitive control; and explore to what extent visual recognition and visual attention are related in humans and other primates.

The Fyssen Foundation is dedicated to encouraging scientific inquiry into the cognitive mechanisms that underlie animal and human behavior and has long sponsored symposia on topics of central importance to the cognitive sciences.

Table of Contents

  1. Series Foreword
  2. Preface
  3. Human Brain Evolution: New Methods and Results
  4. 1. Surface-Based Comparisons of Macaque and Human Cortical Organization
  5. 2. Combined Human and Monkey fMRI Methods for the Study of Large-Scale Neuronal Networks in the Primate Brain

    Zoe Kourtzi and Nikos K. Logothetis

  6. 3. Evolution of the Human Brain and Comparative Cyto- and Receptor Architecture

    Karl Zilles

  7. 4. Evolution of the Human Brain and Comparative Paleoanthropology

    Jean-Jacques Hublin

  8. 5. Genes, Brains, and Culture: From Monkey to Human

    Jean-Pierre Changeux

  9. Putative Prerogatives of the Human Brain and Their Evolutionary Precursors
  10. 6. Quantitative Thinking: From Monkey to Human and Human Infant to Human Adult

    Elizabeth M. Brannon

  11. 7. Neural Correlates of Numerical Cognition in the Neocortex of Nonhuman Primates

    Andreas Nieder and Earl K. Miller

  12. 8. Evolution of Human Cortical Circuits for Reading and Arithmetic: The "Neuronal Recycling" Hypothesis

    Stanislas Dehaene

  13. 9. Cooperative Brains: Psychological Constraints on the Evolution of Altruism

    Jeffrey R. Stevens and Marc D. Hauser

  14. 10. Do Monkeys Understand Actions and Minds of Others? Studies of Single Cells and Eye Movements

    Erica N. Lorincz, Tjeerd Jellema, Juan-Carlos Gómez, Nick Barraclough, Dengke Xiao, and David I. Perrett

  15. Space, Action, and Attention: The Multiple Functions of Parietofrontal Circuits
  16. 11. The Mirror Neuron System and Its Role in Imitation and Language

    Giacomo Rizzolatti and Giovanni Buccino

  17. 12. Organization of the Posterior Parietal Lobe and of Parietofrontal Connections

    Giuseppe Luppino

  18. 13. A Prototype of Homo faber: A Silent Precursor of Human Intelligence in the Tool-Using Monkey Brain

    Atsushi Iriki

  19. 14. Parietal Mechanism of Selective Attention in Monkeys and Humans

    Claire Wardak, Suliann Ben Hamed, and Jean-René Duhamel

  20. Cognitive Control and the Frontal and Cingulate Cortices
  21. 15. The Rostral-Caudal Axis of Cognitive Control Processing within the Lateral Frontal Cortex

    Michael Petrides

  22. 16. Primate Anterior Cingulate Cortex and Adaptation of Behavior

    Cline Amiez, Jean-Paul Joseph, and Emmanuel Procyk

  23. Visual Representations and the Temporal Lobe
  24. 17. Does the Human Brain Process Objects of Expertise Like Faces? A Review of the Evidence

    Elinor McKone and Nancy Kanwisher

  25. 18. Representation of Object Images by Combinations of Visual Features in the Macaque Inferotemporal Cortex

    Manabu Tanifuji, Kazushige Tsunoda, and Yukako Yamane

  26. Contributors
  27. Index