Moral Psychology, Volume 2

The Cognitive Science of Morality: Intuition and Diversity

For much of the twentieth century, philosophy and science went their separate ways. In moral philosophy, fear of the so-called naturalistic fallacy kept moral philosophers from incorporating developments in biology and psychology. Since the 1990s, however, many philosophers have drawn on recent advances in cognitive psychology, brain science, and evolutionary psychology to inform their work. This collaborative trend is especially strong in moral philosophy, and these three volumes bring together some of the most innovative work by both philosophers and psychologists in this emerging interdisciplinary field. The contributors to volume 2 discuss recent empirical research that uses the diverse methods of cognitive science to investigate moral judgments, emotions, and actions. Each chapter includes an essay, comments on the essay by other scholars, and a reply by the author(s) of the original essay. Topics include moral intuitions as a kind of fast and frugal heuristics, framing effects in moral judgments, an analogy between Chomsky’s universal grammar and moral principles, the role of emotions in moral beliefs, moral disagreements, the semantics of moral language, and moral responsibility.

Contributors to volume 2:
Fredrik Bjorklund, James Blair, Paul Bloomfield, Fiery Cushman, Justin D'Arms, John Deigh, John Doris, Julia Driver, Ben Fraser, Gerd Gigerenzer, Michael Gill, Jonathan Haidt, Marc Hauser, Daniel Jacobson, Joshua Knobe, Brian Leiter, Don Loeb, Ron Mallon, Darcia Narvaez, Shaun Nichols, Alexandra Plakias, Jesse Prinz, Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, Russ Shafer-Landau, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Cass Sunstein, William Tolhurst, Liane Young

Table of Contents

  1. Contents
  2. Acknowledgements
  3. Introduction
  4. 1. Moral Intuition = Fast and Frugal Heuristics?

    Gerd Gigerenzer

  5. 2. Framing Moral Intuitions

    Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

  6. 3. Reviving Rawls's Linguistic Analogy: Operative Principles and the Causal Structure of Moral Actions

    Marc D. Hauser, Liane Young, and Fiery Cushman

  7. 4. Social Intuitionists Answer Six Questions about Moral Psychology

    Jonathan Haidt and Fredrik Bjorklund

  8. 5. Sentimentalism Naturalized

    Shaun Nichols

  9. 6. How to Argue about Disagreement: Evaluative Diversity and Moral Realism

    John M. Doris and Alexandra Plakias

  10. 7. Moral Incoherentism: How to Pull a Metaphysical Rabbit out of a Semantic Hat

    Don Loeb

  11. 8. Attributions of Causation and Moral Responsibility

    Julia Driver

  12. References
  13. Contributors
  14. Index to Volume 1
  15. Index to Volume 2
  16. Index to Volume 3