ISBN: 9780262337281 | 632 pp. | April 2017

Moral Psychology, Volume 5

Virtue and Character

Philosophers have discussed virtue and character since Socrates, but many traditional views have been challenged by recent findings in psychology and neuroscience. This fifth volume of Moral Psychology grows out of this new wave of interdisciplinary work on virtue, vice, and character. It offers essays, commentaries, and replies by leading philosophers and scientists who explain and use empirical findings from psychology and neuroscience to illuminate virtue and character and related issues in moral philosophy. The contributors discuss such topics as eliminativist and situationist challenges to character; investigate the conceptual and empirical foundations of self-control, honesty, humility, and compassion; and consider whether the virtues contribute to well-being.

Karl Aquino, Jason Baehr, C. Daniel Batson, Lorraine L. Besser, C. Daryl Cameron, Tanya L. Chartrand, M. J. Crockett, Bella DePaulo, Korrina A. Duffy, William Fleeson, Andrea L. Glenn, Charles Goodman, Geoffrey P. Goodwin, George Graham, June Gruber, Thomas Hurka, Eranda Jayawickreme, Andreas Kappes, Kristján Kristjánsson, Daniel Lapsley, Neil Levy, E.J. Masicampo, Joshua May, Christian B. Miller, M. A. Montgomery, Thomas Nadelhoffer, Eddy Nahmias, Hanna Pickard, Katie Rapier, Raul Saucedo, Shannon W. Schrader, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Nancy E. Snow, Gopal Sreenivasan, Chandra Sripada, June P. Tangney, Valerie Tiberius, Simine Vazire, Jennifer Cole Wright


Table of Contents

  1. Acknowledgments
  2. Introduction

    Christian B. Miller and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

  3. 1. Getting Cynical about Character: A Social-Psychological Perspective

    C. Daniel Batson

  4. 1.1. Getting Less Cynical about Virtue

    Joshua May

  5. 1.2. In Defense of a Little Moral Hypocrisy

    Karl Aquino

  6. 1.3. Help Thou My Unbelief: A Reply to May and Aquino

    C. Daniel Batson

  7. 2. Does Whole Trait Theory Work for the Virtues

    Eranda Jayawickreme and William Fleeson

  8. 2.1. Virtue Traits and Personality Traits

    Lorraine L. Besser

  9. 2.2. Personality Is Not Destiny, but It's Still Real

    Simine Vazire

  10. 2.3. Whole Trait Theory Can Explain Virtues

    Eranda Jayawickreme and William Fleeson

  11. 3. Character Education and the Reargaurd of Situationism

    Gopal Sreenivasan

  12. 3.1. Virtue, the Right, and the Good: Comment on Sreenivasan

    Thomas Hurka

  13. 3.2. Situationism and the Pyrrhic Defense of Character Education: Commentary on Sreenivasan

    Daniel Lapsley

  14. 3.3. Battlefields and Bogeyman: A Reply to Hurka and Lapsley

    Goapl Sreenivasan

  15. 4. Of Marshmallows and Moderation

    Neil Levy

  16. 4.1. Willpower as ''Won't''-power and the Challenges of Measuring Trait Self-Control

    E.J. Masicampo

  17. 4.2. Self-Control and Character

    Chandra Sripada

  18. 4.3. Trading in the Trait? Response to Masicampo and Sripada

    Neil Levy

  19. 5. Honesty

    Christian B. Miller

  20. 5.1. Honesty's Threshold

    Jason Baehr

  21. 5.2. The Gift of Dishonesty

    Bella M. DePaulo

  22. 5.3. Honesty Revisited: More Conceptual and Empirical Reflections

    Christian B. Miller

  23. 6. The Twin Dimensions of the Virtue of Humility: Low Self-Focus and High Other-Focus

    Thomas Nadelhoeffer and Jennifer Cole Wright

  24. 6.1. Assessing Humility Is a Humbling Experience: Commentary on Nadelhoffer and Wright

    Shannon W. Schrader and June P. Tangney

  25. 6.2. The Nature of Humility: A Critical Perspective on Nadelhoffer and Wright

    Nancy E. Snow

  26. 6.3. Response to Schrader and Tangney and Snow Commentaries

    Thomas Nadelhoffer and Jennifer Cole Wright

  27. 7. Compassion Is a Motivated Choice

    C. Daryl Cameron and Katie Rapier

  28. 7.1. Compassion Is Not Always a Motivated Choice: A Multiple Decision Systems Perspective

    M.A. Montogomery, Andreas Kappes, and M.J. Crockett

  29. 7.2. Varieties of Compassion in Buddhist Philosophy: Comments on Cameron and Rapier

    Charles Goodman

  30. 7.3. Response to Comments

    C. Daryl Cameron and Katie Rapier

  31. 8. From Mimicry to Morality: The Role of Prosociality

    Korrina A. Duffy and Tanya L. Chartand

  32. 8.1. Prosociality Is Not Morality

    Geoffrey P. Goodwin

  33. 8.2. The Dark Side of Mimicry: Comments on Duffy and Chartrand

    Eddy Nahmias

  34. 8.3. Reply to Goodwin and Nahmias

    Korrina A. Duffy and Tanya L. Chartrand

  35. 9. Personality Disorders and Character

    Andrea L. Glenn

  36. 9.1. Sympathy, Identity, and the Psychology of Psychopathy and Moral Atrocities

    Hanna Pickard

  37. 9.2. Psychopathy, Explanatory Pluralism, and Moral Responsibility

    George Graham

  38. 9.3. Circumstances and Responsibility in Psychopathy: Replies to Pickard and Graham

    Andrea L. Glenn

  39. 10. Does Virtue Make Us Happy? A New Theory for an Old Question

    Valerie Tiberius

  40. 10.1. Who Does What? The Psychology-Philosophy Division of Labor on Virtue and Happiness

    Raul Saucedo and June Gruber

  41. 10.2. A Tale of Two Default Approaches: Some Old Answers for a New Theory

    Kristján Kristjánsson

  42. 10.3. On the Division of Labor between Philosophers and Psychologists: A ''Goldilocksian'' Reply to Comments from Saucedo and Gruber

    Valerie Tiberus

  43. Contributors
  44. Index