The Nature of Cognition


Most cognitive psychology texts are organized around empirical findings on standard substantive topics such as perception, memory, vision, and language. This book is the first to introduce the study of cognition in terms of the major conceptual themes that underlie virtually all the substantive topics. Taking a dialectical approach, the chapters contrast alternative approaches to the underlying themes (e.g., domain-generality vs. domain-specificity), then show how a synthesis of the two approaches provides the best understanding.

The book is organized into six sections: general issues in cognition, representation and process in cognition, methodology in cognition, kinds of cognition, group and individual differences in cognition, and a conclusion.

Contributors: Rhianon Allen, Axel Buchner, Patricia A. Carpenter, Stephen J. Ceci, Michael Cole, Eduardus DeBruyn, Randall W. Engle, Peter A. Frensch, Elena L. Grigorenko, Earl Hunt, P.N. Johnson-Laird, Marcel Adam Just, Michael Kahana, John F. Kihlstrom, Geoffrey Loftus, Valerie S. Makin, Timothy P. McNamara, Thomas O. Nelson, Raymond S. Nickerson, Natalie Oransky, Elizabeth A. Phelps, Dennis R. Proffitt, Arthur S. Reber, Paul J. Reber, Daniel N. Robinson, Tina B. Rosenblum, Brian H. Ross, Steven Sloman, Robert J. Sternberg.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
  2. 1. What Is a Theory of Thought?

    Earl Hunt

  3. 2. A Dialectical Basis for Understanding the Study of Cognition

    Robert J. Sternberg

  4. 3. Rationalism versus Empiricism in Cognition

    Daniel N. Robinson

  5. 4. Single-Code versus Multiple-Code Theories in Cognition

    Timothy P. McNamara

  6. 5. Domain-Generality versus Domain-Specificity in Cognition

    Peter A. Frensch and Axel Buchner

  7. 6. Conscious versus Unconscious Cognition

    John F. Kihlstrom

  8. 7. Prototype versus Exemplar Models in Cognition

    Brian H. Ross and Valerie S. Makin

  9. 8. Computational Modeling of High-Level Cognition versus Hypothesis Testing

    Patricia A. Carpenter and Marcel Adam Just

  10. 9. Brain versus Behavioral Studies of Cognition

    Elizabeth A. Phelps

  11. 10. Response Time versus Accuracy in Human Memory

    Michael Kahana and Geoffrey Loftus

  12. 11. Laboratory versus Field Approaches to Cognition

    Stephen J. Ceci, Tina B. Rosenblum and Eduardus DeBruyn

  13. 12. Basic versus Applied Research

    Raymond S. Nickerson

  14. 13. Inferential versus Ecological Approaches to Perception

    Dennis R. Proffitt

  15. 14. Implicit versus Explicit Learning

    Arthur S. Reber, Rhianon Allen and Paul J. Reber

  16. 15. Multi-Store versus Dynamic Models of Temporary Storage in Memory

    Randall W. Engle and Natalie Oransky

  17. 16. Rational versus Arational Models of Thought

    Steven A. Sloman

  18. 17. Formal Rules versus Mental Models in Reasoning

    P. N. Johnson-Laird

  19. 18. Cognition versus Metacognition

    Thomas O. Nelson

  20. 19. Culture-Free versus Culture-Based Measures of Cognition

    Michael Cole

  21. 20. Heredity versus Environment as the Basis of Cognitive Abilities

    Elena L. Grigorenko

  22. Contributors
  23. Author Index
  24. Subject Index