An Odyssey in Learning and Perception

Overview

In the field of psychology, beginning in the 1950s, Eleanor J. Gibson nearly single-handedly developed the field of perceptual learning with a series of brilliant studies that culminated in the seminal work, Perceptual Learning and Development. An Odyssey in Learning and Perception brings together Gibson's scientific papers, including difficult-to-find or previously unpublished work, along with classic studies in perception and action. Gibson introduces each paper to show why the research was undertaken and concludes each section with comments linking the findings to later developments. A personal essay touches on the questions and concerns that guided her research.

Table of Contents

  1. Series Foreword
  2. Foreword

    Elizabeth S. Spelke

  3. Introduction
  4. I. Experimental Psychology in the Thirties (1932-1942)
  5. 1. Bilateral Transfer of the Conditioned Response in the Human Subject, J. J. Gibson and G. Raffel. , 1932, 15, 416-421.
  6. 2. Retention and the Interpolated Task, with James J. Gibson. , 1934, 46, 603-610.
  7. 3. Sensory Generalization with Voluntary Reactions. , 1939, 24, 237-253.
  8. 4. A Systematic Application of the Concepts of Generalization and Differentiation to Verbal Learning. , 1940, 47, 196-299.
  9. 5. Retroactive Inhibition as a Function of Degree of Generalization between Tasks. , 1941, 28, 93-115.
  10. Retrospect and Prospect: Are Theories Recycled?
  11. II. Comparative Research on Learning and Development (1952-1970)
  12. 6. The Role of Shock in Reinforcement. , 1952, 45, 18-30.
  13. 7. The Effect of Prolonged Exposure to Visually Presented Patterns on Learning to Discriminate Them, with R. D. Walk. , 1956, 49, 239-242.
  14. 8. The Effectiveness of Prolonged Exposure to Cutouts vs. Painted Patterns for Facilitation of Discrimination. , 1959, 52, 519-521.
  15. 9. Behavior of Light- and Dark-Reared Rats on a Visual Cliff, with R. D. Walk and T. J. Tighe. , 1957, 126, 80-81.
  16. 10. Development of Perception: Discrimination of Depth Compared with Discrimination of Graphic Symbols. Reprinted from J. C. Wright and J. Kagan (eds.), , 1963, 28, No. 2 (Serial No. 86), 5-24.
  17. 11. The Development of Perception as an Adaptive Process, Eleanor J. Gibson. , 1970, 58, 98-107.
  18. Retrospect and Prospect: Comparative Psychology and Animal Cognition
  19. III. Perception: Psychophysics and Transformations (1954-1959)
  20. 12. The Effect of Training on Absolute Estimation of Distance over the Ground, with R. Bergman. , 1954, 473-482.
  21. 13. The Effect of Prior Training with a Scale of Distance on Absolute and Relative Judgments of Distance over Ground, with R. Bergman and J. Purdy. , 1955, 50, 97-105.
  22. 14. Distance Judgement by the Method of Fractionation, with J. Purdy. , 1955, 50, 374-380.
  23. 15. Continuous Perspective Transformations and the Perception of Rigid Motion, with J. J. Gibson. , 54, 129-138.
  24. 16. Motion Parallax as a Determinant of Perceived Depth, with J. J. Gibson, O. W. Smith, and H. Flock. , 1959, 58, 40-51.
  25. Retrospect and Prospect: Psychopysics to Computation
  26. IV. Perceptual Learning (1955-1969)
  27. 17. Perceptual Learning: Differentiation or Enrichment?, with J. J. Gibson. , 1955, 62, 32-41.
  28. Reply by L. Postman: Association Theory and Perceptual Learning. , 1955, 438-446.
  29. What Is Learned in Perceptual Learning? A Reply to Professor Postman. , 1955, 62, 447-450.
  30. 18. Perceptual Learning. , 1963, 14, 29-56.
  31. 19. Perceptual Development and the Reduction of Uncertainty. In , 7-17, Moscow, 1966
  32. 20. Trends in Perceptual Development. Excerpts from Chapter 20 of (pp. 450-472). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1969.
  33. Retrospect and Prospect: The Coming of Age of Perceptual Development
  34. V. Years of Significance: Research on Reading (1965-1977)
  35. 21. Learning to Read. , 1965, 148, 1066-1072
  36. 22. A Developmental Study of Visual Search Behavior, with A. Yonas. , 1966, 1, 169-171.
  37. 23. Confusion Matrices for Graphic Patterns Obtained with a Latency Measure, with F. Schapiro and A. Yonas. Cornell University, 1968.
  38. 24. The Ontogeny of Reading. , 1970, 25, 136-143.
  39. 25. Perceptual Learning and the Theory of Word Perception. , 1971, 2, 351-368.
  40. 26. How Perception Really Develops: A View from outside the Network. In D. Laberge and S. J. Samuels (eds.), . Hillsdale, N. J.: Erlbaum, 1977, 155-173.
  41. Retrospect and Prospect: Perception, Cognition, or Both?
  42. VI. Perceptual Development from the Ecological Approach (1972 to the present)
  43. 27. The Senses as Information-Seeking Systems, with J. J. Gibson. () , 1972, June 23, 711-712.
  44. Seeing as Thinking: An Active Theory of Perception. R. Gregory. () , 1972, June 23, 707-708.
  45. 28. Perception as a Foundation for Knowledge: Thoughts Inspired by Papers of Frailberg and Bellugi. Discussion prepared for the Lenneberg Symposium, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., May 1976.
  46. 29 Perception of Invariants by Five-Month-Old Infants: Differentiation of Two Types of Motion, with C. J. Owsley and J. Johnston.
  47. 30. Development of Knowledge of Visual-Tactual Affordances of Substance, with A. Walker. , 1984, 55, 453-460.
  48. 31. Excerpts from The Concept of Affordances in Development: The Renascence of Functionalism. In W. A. Collins (ed.), , Vol. 15. Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Assoc., 1982, 55-81.
  49. 32. Detection of the Traversability of Surfaces by Crawling and Walking Infants, with G. Riccio, M. A. Schmuckler, T. A. Stoffregen, D. Rosenberg, and J. Taormina. , 1987, 13, 533-544.
  50. 33. Exploratory Behavior in the Development of Perceiving, Acting, and the Acquiring of Knowledge. Excerpts from , 1988, 39, 1-41.
  51. Epilogue: Prospects for a New Approach to Perceptual Learning
  52. References
  53. Author Index
  54. Subject Index