The Processing and Acquisition of Reference


This volume brings together contributions by prominent researchers in the fields of language processing and language acquisition on topics of common interest: how people refer to objects in the world, how people comprehend such referential expressions, and how children acquire the ability to refer and to understand reference. The contributors first discuss issues related to children's acquisition and processing of reference, then consider evidence of adults' processing of reference from eye-tracking methods (the visual-world paradigm) and from corpora and reading experiments. They go on to discuss such topics as how children resolve ambiguity, children's difficulty in understanding coreference, the use of eye movements to physical objects to measure the accessibility of different referents, the uses of probabilistic and pragmatic information in language comprehension, antecedent accessibility and salience in reference, and neuropsychological data from the event-related potential (ERP) recording literature.

Table of Contents

    1. 1. Introduction

      Edward Gibson and Neal J. Pearlmutter

  1. I. Children's Acquisition and Processing of Reference
    1. 2. Cues Don't Explain Learning: Maximal Trouble in the Determiner System

      Ken Wexler

    2. 3. Children's Use of Context in Ambiguity Resolution

      Luisa Meroni and Stephen Crain

    3. 4. Referential and Syntactic Processes: What Develops?

      John C. Trueswell, Anna Papafragou, and Youngon Choi

    4. 5. Parsing, Grammar, and the Challenge of Raising Children at LF

      Julien Musolino and Andrea Gualmini

    5. 6. A Cross-Linguistic Study on the Interpretation of Pronouns by Children and Agrammatic Speakers: Evidence from Dutch, Spanish, and Italian

      Esther Ruigendijk, Sergio Baauw, Shalom Zuckerman, Nada Vasic, Joke de Lange, and Sergey Avrutin

    6. 7. Processing or Pragmatics? Explaining the Coreference Delay

      Tanya Reinhart

  2. II. Adults' Processing of Reference: Evidence from the Visual-World Eye-Tracking Paradigm
    1. 8. Disfluency Effects in Comprehension: How New Information Can Become Accessible

      Jennifer E. Arnold and Michael K. Tanenhaus

    2. 9. It's Not What You Said, It's How You Said It: How Modification Conventions Influence On-Line Referential Processing

      Jodi D. Edwards and Craig G. Chambers

    3. 10. The Effect of Speaker-Specific Information on Pragmatic Inferences

      Daniel Grodner and Julie C. Sedivy

    4. 11. Referential Processing in Monologue and Dialogue with and without Access to Real-World Referents

      Simon Garrod

  3. III. Adults' Processing of Reference: Evidence from Corpora and Reading Experiments
    1. 12. Noun-Phrase Anaphor Resolution: Antecedent Focus, Semantic Overlap, and the Informational Load Hypothesis

      H. Wind Cowles and Alan Garnham

    2. 13. Investigating the Interpretation of Pronouns and Demonstratives in Finnish: Going beyond Salience

      Elsi Kaiser and John C. Trueswell

    3. 14. Not All Subjects Are Born Equal: A Look at Complex Sentence Structure

      Eleni Miltsakaki

    4. 15. Complement Focus and Reference Phenomena

      Anthony J. Sanford and Linda M. Moxey

    5. 16. The Binding Problem for Language, and Its Consequences for the Neurocognition of Comprehension

      Peter Hagoort

    6. Index