Terms and Truth

Reference Direct and Anaphoric

In this book, Alan Berger further develops the new theory of reference—as formulated by Kripke and Putnam—applying it in novel ways to many philosophical problems concerning reference and existence. Berger argues that his notion of anaphoric background condition and anaphoric links within a linguistic community are crucial not only to a theory of reference, but to the analysis of these problems as well.

The book is organized in three parts. In part I, Berger distinguishes between two styles of rigid designation. Based on this distinction, he develops a theory of reference change for rigid designator terms and shows how this distinction sheds light on identity statements. In part II, he offers an account of belief attribution containing vacuous names within the belief context, of intentional identity statements, and of true negative existential statements. In part III, he analyzes anaphoric expressions (i.e., expressions whose reference is determined in part by other clauses or sentences in a given discourse) and presents a formalization of anaphora and plural quantification.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. I. A Distinction between Two Styles of Rigid Designation and Its Applications
  4. 1. A Distinction between Two Styles of Rigid Designation
  5. 2. A Theory of Reference Transmission and Reference Change
  6. 3. S-Type Terms and Their Anaphoric Chains
  7. II. Propositional Attitudes and Vacuous Names
  8. 4. The Disquotational Principle, De Re and De Dicto Belief Attributions, and an Agent's Perspective
  9. 5. Propositions and Belief Attributions Containing Vacuous Names
  10. 6. Intentional Identity and True Negative Existential Statements
  11. III. Pronouns and Anaphora
  12. 7. Anaphoric Pronouns: Some Proposed Analyses
  13. 8. A Formal Semantics for Plural Quantifications, Intersentential Binding, and Anaphoric Pronouns as Rigid Designators
  14. Index