ISBN: 9780262341370 | 352 pp. | October 2017

True Enough

Philosophy valorizes truth, holding that there can never be epistemically good reasons to accept a known falsehood, or to accept modes of justification that are not truth conducive. How can this stance account for the epistemic standing of science, which unabashedly relies on models, idealizations, and thought experiments that are known not to be true? In True Enough, Catherine Elgin argues that we should not assume that the inaccuracy of models and idealizations constitutes an inadequacy. To the contrary, their divergence from truth or representational accuracy fosters their epistemic functioning. When effective, models and idealizations are, Elgin contends, felicitous falsehoods that exemplify features of the phenomena they bear on. Because works of art deploy the same sorts of felicitous falsehoods, she argues, they also advance understanding.
Elgin develops a holistic epistemology that focuses on the understanding of broad ranges of phenomena rather than knowledge of individual facts. Epistemic acceptability, she maintains, is a matter not of truth-conduciveness, but of what would be reflectively endorsed by the members of an idealized epistemic community—a quasi-Kantian realm of epistemic ends.

Table of Contents

  1. Acknowledgments
  2. 1. Reconfiguring the Realm
  3. 2. Distancing from Truth
  4. 3. From Knowledge to Understanding
  5. 4. The Fabric of Understanding
  6. 5. Epistemic Normativity
  7. 6. Intellectual Integrity
  8. 7. Objectivity: A Balwark against Bias
  9. 8. Irreconcilable Differences
  10. 9. Exemplification in Understanding
  11. 10. Embodied Understanding
  12. 11. Casting in Bold Relief
  13. 12. Chekhov's Gun
  14. 13. Borders and Crossings
  15. 14. Fallibility's Payoff
  16. Notes
  17. References
  18. Index