The Unity of the Self

Overview

In these essays Stephen White examines the forms of psychological integration that give rise to self-knowable and self-conscious individuals who are responsible, concerned for the future, and capable of moral commitment. The essays cover a wide range of basic issues in philosophy of mind, metaphysics, moral psychology, and political philosophy, providing a coherent, sophisticated, and forcefully argued view of the nature of the self.Beginning with mental content and ending with Rawls and utilitarianism, each essay argues a distinctive line. Together they are a unified and powerful philosophical position of considerable scope, one that provides a unique vision of the mind, consciousness, personhood, and morality.

White argues that the unity of the self revealed in personal identity and moral responsibility is best understood in normative terms. Basic to such features of the self are the patterns of self-concern in which they are characteristically displayed and the internal justification that supports such concern. The treatment of intentionality and consciousness that grounds this account emphasizes privileged selfknowledge and practical rationality and their corresponding contributions to the unity of the self. A final source of unity emerges from the analysis of our fundamental commitments, an analysis that ensures a central place in moral theory for the notion of the self.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
  2. Introduction
  3. 1. Partial Character and the Language of Thought
  4. 2. Narrow Content and Narrow Interpretation
  5. 3. Curse of the Qualia
  6. 4. Transcendentalism and Its Discontents
  7. 5. Metapsychological Relativism and the Self
  8. 6. What Is It Like to Be a Homunculus?
  9. 7. Self-Deception and Responsibility for the Self
  10. 8. Moral Responsibility
  11. 9. Rationality, Responsibility, and Pathological Indifference
  12. 10. Rawls and Ideal Reflective Equilibria
  13. 11. Utilitarianism, Realism, and Rights
  14. Notes
  15. Bibliography
  16. Index