ISBN: 9780262351942 | 408 pp. | April 2019

The Visual World of Shadows


In The Visual World of Shadows, Roberto Casati and Patrick Cavanagh examine how the perception of shadows, as studied by vision scientists and visual artists, reveals the inner workings of the visual system. Shadows are at once a massive problem for vision—which must distinguish them from objects or material features of objects—and a resource, signaling the presence, location, shape, and size of objects.

Casati and Cavanagh draw up an inventory of information retrievable from shadows, showing their amazing variety. They present an overview of the visual system, distinguishing between measurement and inference. They discuss the shadow mission, the work done by the visual brain to parse, and perhaps discard, the information from shadows; shadow ownership, the association of a shadow with the object that casts it; shadow labeling, the visual system’s ability to tell shadows from nonshadows; and the shadow concept, our knowledge about shadows as a category. Casati and Cavanagh then apply the theoretical apparatus they have developed for shadows to other phenomena: illumination, reflection, and transparency. Finally, they examine the art of the shadow, paying tribute to artists’ exploration of shadow, analyzing a series of artworks (reproduced in color) from a rich and fascinating art historical corpus.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
  2. 1. Information in Shadows
  3. 2. Secondary Aspects of Information in Shadows
  4. 3. The Visual System
  5. 4. The Shadow Mission
  6. 5. Shadow Ownership
  7. 6. Labeling Shadows
  8. 7. The Shadow Concept
  9. 8. Illumination
  10. 9. Shadows, Reflections, and Transparency
  11. 10. The Art of the Shadow
  12. 11. Shadows in Art: A Methodological Appendix
  13. 12. Conclusions
  14. Glossary
  15. Notes
  16. References
  17. Index