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Linguistic Inquiry

Spring 1998, Vol. 29, No. 2, Pages 181-227
(doi: 10.1162/002438998553725)
© 1998 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Overt Scope Marking and Covert Verb-Second
Article PDF (344.22 KB)

In this article I investigate certain phenomena relating to superiority, the Empty Category Principle (ECP), and scope. I propose a chain-based scope-marking convention and a new analysis of adjunction, and hypothesize that English is a covert verb-second grammar. The analysis is couched within checking theory and ultimately within the bare theory of phrase structure. I propose category-neutral(-ized) LF representations, displaying VP-recursion but lacking functional heads and their projections, and I suggest that this, in turn, allows significant simplification of index-sensitive head government conditions appearing in many contemporary formulations of the ECP.