Monthly
288 pp. per issue
6 x 9, illustrated
ISSN
0899-7667
E-ISSN
1530-888X
2014 Impact factor:
2.21

Neural Computation

January 1, 2001, Vol. 13, No. 1, Pages 69-85
(doi: 10.1162/089976601300014637)
© 2000 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Differential Filtering of Two Presynaptic Depression Mechanisms
Article PDF (244.37 KB)
Abstract

The filtering of input signals carried out at synapses is key to the information processing performed by networks of neurons. Two forms of presynaptic depression, vesicle depletion and G-protein inhibition of Ca2+ channels, can play important roles in the presynaptic processing of information. Using computational models, we demonstrate that these two forms of depression filter information in very different ways. G- protein inhibition acts as a high-pass filter, preferentially transmitting high-frequency input signals to the postsynaptic cell, while vesicle depletion acts as a low-pass filter. We examine how these forms of depression separately and together affect the steady-state postsynaptic responses to trains of stimuli over a range of frequencies. Finally, we demonstrate how differential filtering permits the multiplexing of information within a single impulse train.