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Neural Computation

July 1, 2003, Vol. 15, No. 7, Pages 1621-1640
(doi: 10.1162/089976603321891837)
© 2003 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The Effect of Noise on a Class of Energy-Based Learning Rules
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We study the selectivity properties of neurons based on BCM and kurtosis energy functions in a general case of noisy high-dimensional input space. The proposed approach, which is used for characterization of the stable states, can be generalized to a whole class of energy functions. We characterize the critical noise levels beyond which the selectivity is destroyed. We also perform a quantitative analysis of such transitions, which shows interesting dependency on data set size. We observe that the robustness to noise of the BCM neuron (Bienenstock, Cooper, & Munro, 1982; Intrator & Cooper, 1992) increases as a function of dimensionality. We explicitly compute the separability limit of BCM and kurtosis learning rules in the case of a bimodal input distribution. Numerical simulations show a stronger robustness of the BCM rule for practical data set size when compared with kurtosis.