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Neural Computation

May 1, 2005, Vol. 17, No. 5, Pages 1032-1058
(doi: 10.1162/0899766053491850)
© 2005 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Neural Modeling of an Internal Clock
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We studied a simple random recurrent inhibitory network. Despite its simplicity, the dynamics was so rich that activity patterns of neurons evolved with time without recurrence due to random recurrent connections among neurons. The sequence of activity patterns was generated by the trigger of an external signal, and the generation was stable against noise. Moreover, the same sequence was reproducible using a strong transient signal, that is, the sequence generation could be reset. Therefore, a time passage from the trigger of an external signal could be represented by the sequence of activity patterns, suggesting that this model could work as an internal clock. The model could generate different sequences of activity patterns by providing different external signals; thus, spatiotemporal information could be represented by this model. Moreover, it was possible to speed up and slow down the sequence generation.