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Neural Computation

January 1, 2006, Vol. 18, No. 1, Pages 224-243
(doi: 10.1162/089976606774841594)
© 2005 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
On Consistency of Bayesian Inference with Mixtures of Logistic Regression
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This is a theoretical study of the consistency properties of Bayesian inference using mixtures of logistic regression models. When standard logistic regression models are combined in a mixtures-of-experts setup, a flexible model is formed to model the relationship between a binary (yes-no) response y and a vector of predictors x. Bayesian inference conditional on the observed data can then be used for regression and classification. This letter gives conditions on choosing the number of experts (i.e., number of mixing components) k or choosing a prior distribution for k, so that Bayesian inference is consistent, in the sense of often approximating the underlying true relationship between y and x. The resulting classification rule is also consistent, in the sense of having near-optimal performance in classification. We show these desirable consistency properties with a nonstochastic k growing slowly with the sample size n of the observed data, or with a random k that takes large values with nonzero but small probabilities.