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Artificial Life

Summer 1999, Vol. 5, No. 3, Pages 225-239
(doi: 10.1162/106454699568755)
© 1999 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Design, Observation, Surprise! A Test of Emergence
Article PDF (138.14 KB)

The field of artificial life (Alife) is replete with documented instances of emergence, though debate still persists as to the meaning of this term. We contend that, in the absence of an acceptable definition, researchers in the field would be well served by adopting an emergence certification mark that would garner approval from the Alife community. Toward this end, we propose an emergence test, namely, criteria by which one can justify conferring the emergence label.