Quarterly (winter, spring, summer, fall)
128 pp. per issue
7 x 10, illustrated
ISSN
1064-5462
E-ISSN
1530-9185
2014 Impact factor:
1.39

Artificial Life

Fall 2015, Vol. 21, No. 4, Pages 464-480
(doi: 10.1162/ARTL_a_00186)
© 2015 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Lessons from Speciation Dynamics: How to Generate Selective Pressure Towards Diversity
Article PDF (1.84 MB)
Abstract

Recent approaches in evolutionary robotics (ER) propose to generate behavioral diversity in order to evolve desired behaviors more easily. These approaches require the definition of a behavioral distance, which often includes task-specific features and hence a priori knowledge. Alternative methods, which do not explicitly force selective pressure towards diversity (SPTD) but still generate it, are known from the field of artificial life, such as in artificial ecologies (AEs). In this study, we investigate how SPTD is generated without task-specific behavioral features or other forms of a priori knowledge and detect how methods of generating SPTD can be transferred from the domain of AE to ER. A promising finding is that in both types of systems, in systems from ER that generate behavioral diversity and also in the investigated speciation model, selective pressure is generated towards unpopulated regions of search space. In a simple case study we investigate the practical implications of these findings and point to options for transferring the idea of self-organizing SPTD in AEs to the domain of ER.