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Neural Computation

January 2012, Vol. 24, No. 1, Pages 273-287
(doi: 10.1162/NECO_a_00225)
© 2011 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Higher-Order Approximations for Testing Neglected Nonlinearity
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We illustrate the need to use higher-order (specifically sixth-order) expansions in order to properly determine the asymptotic distribution of a standard artificial neural network test for neglected nonlinearity. The test statistic is a quasi-likelihood ratio (QLR) statistic designed to test whether the mean square prediction error improves by including an additional hidden unit with an activation function violating the no-zero condition in Cho, Ishida, and White (2011). This statistic is also shown to be asymptotically equivalent under the null to the Lagrange multiplier (LM) statistic of Luukkonen, Saikkonen, and Teräsvirta (1988) and Teräsvirta (1994). In addition, we compare the power properties of our QLR test to one satisfying the no-zero condition and find that the latter is not consistent for detecting a DGP with neglected nonlinearity violating an analogous no-zero condition, whereas our QLR test is consistent.