Monthly
288 pp. per issue
6 x 9, illustrated
ISSN
0899-7667
E-ISSN
1530-888X
2014 Impact factor:
2.21

Neural Computation

August 2012, Vol. 24, No. 8, Pages 2053-2077
(doi: 10.1162/NECO_a_00306)
© 2012 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Information Recall Using Relative Spike Timing in a Spiking Neural Network
Article PDF (1.99 MB)
Abstract

We present a neural network that is capable of completing and correcting a spiking pattern given only a partial, noisy version. It operates in continuous time and represents information using the relative timing of individual spikes. The network is capable of correcting and recalling multiple patterns simultaneously. We analyze the network's performance in terms of information recall. We explore two measures of the capacity of the network: one that values the accurate recall of individual spike times and another that values only the presence or absence of complete patterns. Both measures of information are found to scale linearly in both the number of neurons and the period of the patterns, suggesting these are natural measures of network information. We show a smooth transition from encodings that provide precise spike times to flexible encodings that can encode many scenes. This makes it plausible that many diverse tasks could be learned with such an encoding.