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ISSN
0899-7667
E-ISSN
1530-888X
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2.21

Neural Computation

November 2012, Vol. 24, No. 11, Pages 2994-3024
(doi: 10.1162/NECO_a_00344)
© 2012 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Incremental Slow Feature Analysis: Adaptive Low-Complexity Slow Feature Updating from High-Dimensional Input Streams
Article PDF (2.41 MB)
Abstract

We introduce here an incremental version of slow feature analysis (IncSFA), combining candid covariance-free incremental principal components analysis (CCIPCA) and covariance-free incremental minor components analysis (CIMCA). IncSFA's feature updating complexity is linear with respect to the input dimensionality, while batch SFA's (BSFA) updating complexity is cubic. IncSFA does not need to store, or even compute, any covariance matrices. The drawback to IncSFA is data efficiency: it does not use each data point as effectively as BSFA. But IncSFA allows SFA to be tractably applied, with just a few parameters, directly on high-dimensional input streams (e.g., visual input of an autonomous agent), while BSFA has to resort to hierarchical receptive-field-based architectures when the input dimension is too high. Further, IncSFA's updates have simple Hebbian and anti-Hebbian forms, extending the biological plausibility of SFA. Experimental results show IncSFA learns the same set of features as BSFA and can handle a few cases where BSFA fails.