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Neural Computation

December 2012, Vol. 24, No. 12, Pages 3111-3125
(doi: 10.1162/NECO_a_00370)
© 2012 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The Shape of Phase-Resetting Curves in Oscillators with a Saddle Node on an Invariant Circle Bifurcation
Article PDF (362.02 KB)
Abstract

We introduce a simple two-dimensional model that extends the Poincaré oscillator so that the attracting limit cycle undergoes a saddle node bifurcation on an invariant circle (SNIC) for certain parameter values. Arbitrarily close to this bifurcation, the phase-resetting curve (PRC) continuously depends on parameters, where its shape can be not only primarily positive or primarily negative but also nearly sinusoidal. This example system shows that one must be careful inferring anything about the bifurcation structure of the oscillator from the shape of its PRC.