Monthly
288 pp. per issue
6 x 9, illustrated
ISSN
0899-7667
E-ISSN
1530-888X
2014 Impact factor:
2.21

Neural Computation

January 2014, Vol. 26, No. 1, Pages 84-131
(doi: 10.1162/NECO_a_00534)
© 2013 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Information-Maximization Clustering Based on Squared-Loss Mutual Information
Article PDF (1.27 MB)
Abstract

Information-maximization clustering learns a probabilistic classifier in an unsupervised manner so that mutual information between feature vectors and cluster assignments is maximized. A notable advantage of this approach is that it involves only continuous optimization of model parameters, which is substantially simpler than discrete optimization of cluster assignments. However, existing methods still involve nonconvex optimization problems, and therefore finding a good local optimal solution is not straightforward in practice. In this letter, we propose an alternative information-maximization clustering method based on a squared-loss variant of mutual information. This novel approach gives a clustering solution analytically in a computationally efficient way via kernel eigenvalue decomposition. Furthermore, we provide a practical model selection procedure that allows us to objectively optimize tuning parameters included in the kernel function. Through experiments, we demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed approach.