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Artificial Life

Winter 2019, Vol. 25, No. 1, Pages 4-8
(doi: 10.1162/artl_a_00276)
© 2019 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Evolved Open-Endedness, Not Open-Ended Evolution
Article PDF (81.25 KB)
Open-endedness is often considered a prerequisite property of the whole evolutionary system and its dynamical behaviors. In the actual history of evolution on Earth, however, there are many examples showing that open-endedness is rather a consequence of evolution. We suggest that this view, which we call evolved open-endedness (EOE), be incorporated more into research on open-ended evolution. This view should allow for systematic investigation of more nuanced, more concrete research questions about open-endedness and its relationship with adaptation and sustainability.