Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Five patients with visual extinction following unilateral brain injury were briefly presented with colored letters in either or both visual fields, and required to report and locate the colors or the shapes. On double simultaneous stimulation, they tended to miss the event contralateral to their lesion. This extinction was increased when the two stimuli were the same on the reported dimension, Similarity on the irrelevant dimension had no effect. These data suggest that extinguished colors and shapes may be correctly extracted by the visual system (when task-relaant) even though they are unavailable for verbal report. An analogy is made with the phenomena of “repetition blindness” in normal observers, and it is proposed that extinction may reflect failure in a token-individuation process for correctly extracted visual types.