Monthly
208 pp. per issue
8 1/2 x 11, illustrated
ISSN
0898-929X
E-ISSN
1530-8898
2014 Impact factor:
4.69

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience

February 2011, Vol. 23, No. 2, Pages 491-501
(doi: 10.1162/jocn.2010.21512)
© 2010 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Rebound Spiking as a Neural Mechanism for Surface Filling-in
Article PDF (262.4 KB)
Abstract

Perceptual filling-in is the phenomenon where visual information is perceived although information is not physically present. For instance, the blind spot, which corresponds to the retinal location where there are no photoreceptor cells to capture the visual signals, is filled-in by the surrounding visual signals. The neural mechanism for such immediate filling-in of surfaces is unclear. By means of computational modeling, we show that surround inhibition produces rebound or after-discharge spiking in neurons that otherwise do not receive sensory information. The behavior of rebound spiking mimics the immediate surface filling-in illusion observed at the blind spot and also reproduces the filling-in of an empty object after a background flash, like in the color dove illusion. In conclusion, we propose rebound spiking as a possible neural mechanism for surface filling-in.