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Linguistic Inquiry

Spring 2009, Vol. 40, No. 2, Pages 289-328
(doi: 10.1162/ling.2009.40.2.289)
© 2009 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Gapping Is Not (VP-) Ellipsis
Article PDF (186.74 KB)
Abstract

Pseudogapping is no misnomer. Despite their many tempting similarities, gapping and pseudogapping are distinct constructions. Pseudogapping is a special instance of VP-ellipsis, while gapping, I argue, is a special instance of across-the-board movement. Squeezing gapping into across-the-board movement has its own discomforts, however, which I suggest can be remedied by retailoring our syntax to include string-based output constraints. I sketch one such alteration that involves apparent Left Branch Condition violations.