This article presents a sequential learning algorithm for function approximation and time-series prediction using a minimal radial basis function neural network (RBFNN). The algorithm combines the growth criterion of the resource-allocating network (RAN) of Platt (1991) with a pruning strategy based on the relative contribution of each hidden unit to the overall network output. The resulting network leads toward a minimal topology for the RBFNN.
The performance of the algorithm is compared with RAN and the enhanced RAN algorithm of Kadirkamanathan and Niranjan (1993) for the following benchmark problems: (1) hearta from the benchmark problems database PROBEN1, (2) Hermite polynomial, and (3) Mackey-Glass chaotic time series. For these problems, the proposed algorithm is shown to realize RBFNNs with far fewer hidden neurons with better or same accuracy.