March 2019, Vol. 31, No. 3, Pages 517-537
© 2019 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Scalable and Flexible Unsupervised Feature Selection
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Recently, graph-based unsupervised feature selection algorithms (GUFS) have been shown to efficiently handle prevalent high-dimensional unlabeled data. One common drawback associated with existing graph-based approaches is that they tend to be time-consuming and in need of large storage, especially when faced with the increasing size of data. Research has started using anchors to accelerate graph-based learning model for feature selection, while the hard linear constraint between the data matrix and the lower-dimensional representation is usually overstrict in many applications. In this letter, we propose a flexible linearization model with anchor graph and
-norm regularization, which can deal with large-scale data sets and improve the performance of the existing anchor-based method. In addition, the anchor-based graph Laplacian is constructed to characterize the manifold embedding structure by means of a parameter-free adaptive neighbor assignment strategy. An efficient iterative algorithm is developed to address the optimization problem, and we also prove the convergence of the algorithm. Experiments on several public data sets demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the method we propose.