Quarterly (winter, spring, summer, fall)
128 pp. per issue
7 x 10, illustrated
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Artificial Life


Artificial Life is the official journal of the International Society for Artificial Life (ISAL). Each issue features international research that spans the hierarchy of biological organization, including studies of the origin of life, self-assembly, growth and development, evolutionary and ecological dynamics, animal and robot behavior, social organization, and cultural evolution.

Table of Contents

Vol. 1, Issue 4 - Summer 1994


Editor's Introduction: Special Issue on Highlights of the AlifelV Conference
pp. iii-vi
Abstract | PDF (454.38 KB)
Artificial Fishes: Autonomous Locomotion, Perception, Behavior, and Learning in a Simulated Physical World
pp. 327-351
Abstract | PDF (972.1 KB)
Evolving 3D Morphology and Behavior by Competition
pp. 353-372
Abstract | PDF (751.9 KB)
Evolving Visual Routines
pp. 373-389
Abstract | PDF (2.5 MB)
Egrets of a Feather Flock Together
pp. 391-411
Abstract | PDF (639.45 KB)
Dynamics of Self-Assembling Systems: Analogy with Chemical Kinetics
pp. 413-427
Abstract | PDF (3.64 MB)
On Modeling Life
pp. 429-438
Abstract | PDF (985.7 KB)
Genetic Programming II: Automatic Discovery of Reusable Programs.
pp. 439-441
Abstract | PDF (424.88 KB)