Quarterly (winter, spring, summer, fall)
128 pp. per issue
7 x 10, illustrated
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Artificial Life


Artificial Life is the official journal of the International Society for Artificial Life (ISAL). Each issue features international research that spans the hierarchy of biological organization, including studies of the origin of life, self-assembly, growth and development, evolutionary and ecological dynamics, animal and robot behavior, social organization, and cultural evolution.

Table of Contents

Vol. 2, Issue 1 - Fall 1994


Studying Artificial Life Using a Simple, General Cellular Model
pp. 1-35
Abstract | PDF (10.69 MB)
The Cell Programming Language
pp. 37-77
Abstract | PDF (7.61 MB)
A Simple Model of Neurogenesis and Cell Differentiation Based on Evolutionary Large-Scale Chaos
pp. 79-99
Abstract | PDF (6.71 MB)
Selection for Wandering Behavior in a Small Robot
pp. 101-116
Abstract | PDF (3.3 MB)
Radical Epistasis and the Genotype-Phenotype Relationship
pp. 117-128
Abstract | PDF (2.68 MB)