Quarterly (winter, spring, summer, fall)
128 pp. per issue
7 x 10, illustrated
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Artificial Life


Artificial Life is the official journal of the International Society for Artificial Life (ISAL). Each issue features international research that spans the hierarchy of biological organization, including studies of the origin of life, self-assembly, growth and development, evolutionary and ecological dynamics, animal and robot behavior, social organization, and cultural evolution.

Table of Contents

Vol. 2, Issue 2 - Winter 1995


Automated Optimal Design of Mechanical Conformational Switches
pp. 129-156
Abstract | PDF (4.52 MB)
Semi-Algebraic Networks: An Attempt to Design Geometric Autopoietic Models
pp. 157-177
Abstract | PDF (2.18 MB)
Preadaptation in Populations of Neural Networks Evolving in a Changing Environment
pp. 179-197
Abstract | PDF (4.42 MB)
Evolving Compare-Exchange Networks Using Grammars
pp. 199-237
Abstract | PDF (4.37 MB)
Plant-Herbivore Coevolution in a Spatially and Genetically Explicit Model
pp. 239-259
Abstract | PDF (2.26 MB)
Darwinism Evolving: Systems Dynamics and the Genealogy of Natural Selection.
pp. 261-267
Abstract | PDF (926.65 KB)