Quarterly (winter, spring, summer, fall)
128 pp. per issue
7 x 10, illustrated
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Artificial Life


Artificial Life is the official journal of the International Society for Artificial Life (ISAL). Each issue features international research that spans the hierarchy of biological organization, including studies of the origin of life, self-assembly, growth and development, evolutionary and ecological dynamics, animal and robot behavior, social organization, and cultural evolution.

Table of Contents

Vol. 3, Issue 3 - Summer 1997


Gecko: A Continuous 2D World for Ecological Modeling
pp. 147-163
Abstract | PDF (2.38 MB)
The Ecology of Echo
pp. 165-190
Abstract | PDF (3.2 MB)
From Classical Models of Morphogenesis to Agent-Based Models of Pattern Formation
pp. 191-211
Abstract | PDF (10.15 MB)
Modeling Malaria as a Complex Adaptive System
pp. 213-236
Abstract | PDF (3.83 MB)
Growing Artificial Societies—Social Science from the Bottom Up.
pp. 237-242
Abstract | PDF (697.2 KB)