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Feb 2000
ISBN 0262024691
312 pp.
17 illus.
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How Children Learn the Meanings of Words
Paul Bloom

How do children learn that the word "dog" refers not to all four-legged animals, and not just to Ralph, but to all members of a particular species? How do they learn the meanings of verbs like "think," adjectives like "good," and words for abstract entities such as "mortgage" and "story"? The acquisition of word meaning is one of the fundamental issues in the study of mind.

According to Paul Bloom, children learn words through sophisticated cognitive abilities that exist for other purposes. These include the ability to infer others' intentions, the ability to acquire concepts, an appreciation of syntactic structure, and certain general learning and memory abilities. Although other researchers have associated word learning with some of these capacities, Bloom is the first to show how a complete explanation requires all of them. The acquisition of even simple nouns requires rich conceptual, social, and linguistic capacities interacting in complex ways.

This book requires no background in psychology or linguistics and is written in a clear, engaging style. Topics include the effects of language on spatial reasoning, the origin of essentialist beliefs, and the young child's understanding of representational art. The book should appeal to general readers interested in language and cognition as well as to researchers in the field.

Table of Contents
 Series Foreword
 Acknowledgments
1 First Words
2 Fast Mapping and the Course of Word Learning
3 Word Learning and Theory of Mind
4 Object Names and Other Common Nouns
5 Pronouns and Proper Names
6 Concepts and Categories
7 Naming Representations
8 Learning Words through Linguistic Context
9 Number Words
10 Words and Concepts
11 Final Words
 References
 Author Index
 Subject Index
 
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Linguistics, Language


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