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Mar 2001
ISBN 0262571390
520 pp.
55 illus.
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The Analogical Mind
Dedre Gentner , Keith J. Holyoak and Boicho K. Kokinov

Analogy has been the focus of extensive research in cognitive science over the past two decades. Through analogy, novel situations and problems can be understood in terms of familiar ones. Indeed, a case can be made for analogical processing as the very core of cognition. This is the first book to span the full range of disciplines concerned with analogy. Its contributors represent cognitive, developmental, and comparative psychology; neuroscience; artificial intelligence; linguistics; and philosophy.

The book is divided into three parts. The first part describes computational models of analogy as well as their relation to computational models of other cognitive processes. The second part addresses the role of analogy in a wide range of cognitive tasks, such as forming complex cognitive structures, conveying emotion, making decisions, and solving problems. The third part looks at the development of analogy in children and the possible use of analogy in nonhuman primates.

Table of Contents
 Preface
 Contributors
1 Introduction: The Place of Analogy in Cognition
by Keith J. Holyoak, Dedre Gentner and Boicho N. Kokinov
I Computational and Theoretical Approaches
2 Exploring Analogy in the Large
by Kenneth D. Forbus
3 Integrating Memory and Reasoning in Analogy-Making: The AMBR Model
by Boicho N. Kokinov and Alexander Petrov
4 The STAR-2 Model for Mapping Hierarchically Structured Analogs
by William H. Wilson, Graeme S. Halford, Brett Gray and Steven Phillips
5 Toward an Understanding of Analogy within a Biological Symbol System
by Keith J. Holyoak and John E. Hummel
II Arena of Analogical Thought
6 Metaphor is like Analogy
by Dedre Gentner, Brian Bowdle, Phillip Wolff and Consuelo Boronat
7 Conceptual Blending and Analogy
by Gilles Fauconnier
8 Setting Limits on Analogy: Why Conceptual Combination Is Not Structural Alignment
by Mark T. Keane and Fintan Costello
9 The Analogical Paradox: Why Analogy Is So Easy in Naturalistic Setting Yet So Difficult in the Psychological Laboratory
by Kevin Dunbar
10 Emotional Analogies and Analogical Inference
by Paul Thagard and Cameron Shelley
11 Analogy and Analogical Comparison in Choice
by Arthur B. Markman and C. Page Moreau
12 Semantic Alignments in Mathematical Word Problems
by Miriam Bassok
III Developmental and Comparative Approaches
13 Analogical Reasoning in Children
by Usha Goswami
14 Can an Ape Reason Analogically? Comprehension and Production of Analogical Problems by Sarah, a Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
by David L. Oden, Roger K. R. Thompson and Daved Premack
15 Epilogue: Analogy as the Core of Cognition
by Douglas R. Hofstadter
 Index
 
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Related Topics
Psychology, Cognitive Science


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